base

  基本詞匯  
[be?s]     [be?s]    
  • n. 底部;基地;基礎;基數;基線;(棒球)壘;[化]堿
  • vt. 以 ... 作基礎
  • adj. 卑鄙的;不道德的
basely baser basest based based basing bases
new

base的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 基礎
  2. 基地,總部,據點,根據地,大本營
  3. 鹽基,堿基
  4. 底座
  5. 根據
  6. 基底
  7. 根基
  8. 出發點
  9. 來源,源泉
  10. 混合物的首要成分
  11. 基本部分
  12. 基數(如十進制的 10 和二進制的 2)
  13. 馬瀨(姓,日本)
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 卑鄙的,卑下的,不道德的
  2. 用作基地的
  3. 賤的,劣的 ,低級的,微賤的
  4. 庶出的
  5. 私生的
  6. 不純正的,粗俗的
  7. 【音】低音的
  8. 惡劣的
  9. 拙劣的
  10. 沒有價值的
  11. 基礎的
v. (動詞)
  1. 以…為據點, 以...為基地
  2. 把設在,把…建立在
  3. 把...的基礎放在(...)上,以...作基礎,把...建立在某種基礎上
  4. 以(...)作為...的根據
  5. 把...放在基座上
  6. 以...為起點
  7. 為…打基礎
  8. 構成…的基部
  9. 駐扎

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [C]基礎,底座 the bottom part of sth; the part that sth stands on
  2. [C]基地,根據地 the place that you start from and go back to
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 把…建立在,以…為基礎 place or establish; provide with a base or centre

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. installation from which a military force initiates operations;

    "the attack wiped out our forward bases"

  2. lowest support of a structure;

    "it was built on a base of solid rock"
    "he stood at the foot of the tower"

  3. a place that the runner must touch before scoring;

    "he scrambled to get back to the bag"

  4. the bottom or lowest part;

    "the base of the mountain"

  5. (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;

    "the base of the skull"

  6. a lower limit;

    "the government established a wage floor"

  7. the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;

    "the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"

  8. a support or foundation;

    "the base of the lamp"

  9. a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)

  10. any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;

    "bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"

  11. the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;

    "the base of the triangle"

  12. the most important or necessary part of something;

    "the basis of this drink is orange juice"

  13. (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;

    "10 is the radix of the decimal system"

  14. the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end

  15. a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries

  16. (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

    "thematic vowels are part of the stem"

  17. the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;

    "the industrial base of Japan"

  18. the principal ingredient of a mixture;

    "glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"
    "he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"
    "everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"

  19. a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;

    "a tub should sit on its own base"

  20. (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector

Adjective:
  1. serving as or forming a base;

    "the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"

  2. of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);

    "baseborn wretches with dirty faces"
    "of humble (or lowly) birth"

  3. (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;

    "base coins of aluminum"
    "a base metal"

  4. not adhering to ethical or moral principles;

    "base and unpatriotic motives"
    "a base, degrading way of life"
    "cheating is dishonorable"
    "they considered colonialism immoral"
    "unethical practices in handling public funds"

  5. having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;

    "that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"
    "taking a mean advantage"
    "chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort"
    "something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"

  6. illegitimate

  7. debased; not genuine;

    "an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"

Verb:
  1. use as a basis for; found on;

    "base a claim on some observation"

  2. situate as a center of operations;

    "we will base this project in the new lab"

  3. use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes

base的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. I found a small leaf at the base of the flower.
    我在那朵花的底部發現一片小葉。
  2. Our mission was over, and went back to our base.
    我們的任務結束了,我們返回了基地。
  3. Many languages have Latin as their base.
    許多語言都以拉丁語為基礎。
  4. One billion new consumers will double the existing consumer base within the next decade.
    未來10年內全球將新增10億消費者,消費者基數將較現在增加一倍。
  5. The base line can be set out as a single or double chain.
    基線可作為一條單鏈系或雙鏈系。
  6. The line spacing is the vertical distance between the base lines of two consecutive lines of text.
    行距是兩個連續文本行的基線之間的垂直距離。
  7. I got two on the first base foul line.
    我有兩張壘界外線旁的座位票。
  8. He didn't make it past first base.
    他未能跑過一壘。
  9. A base is the hydroxide of a metal.
    堿是金屬的氫氧化物。
  10. An acid reacts with a base to form salt and water.
    酸和堿起反應,生成鹽和水。
用作及物動詞 (vt.)
  1. This novel is based on historical facts.
    這部小說是以歷史事實為根據的。
用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. To betray a friend is a base action.
    背叛朋友是卑劣的行為。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The Christmas tree must have a base.
    圣誕樹應有個支架。
  2. The lamp has a flat base.
    這個燈座是平的。
  3. The machine rests on a wide base of steel.
    機器安裝在一個很大的鋼制底座上。
  4. When dams are new, they look like heaps of sticks sloping from a broad base to a narrow top.
    新壩剛筑起時看上去像由底部寬大頂部窄小且又有一定斜度的樹枝堆起來的。
  5. It serves the economic base.
    它為經濟服務。
  6. Axioms are the base of geometry.
    各項公理是幾何學的基礎。
  7. A base of agreement was arrived at.
    總算達成了協議的基礎。
  8. This innovation was regarded as a sensible base for teaching and research.
    這一革新被視為教學和研究工作的切實的基礎。
  9. The base of his argument is that our price is too high.
    他的論據是我們的物價太高。
  10. They set up three bases before climbing to the top.
    在登頂之前他們建了三個基地。
  11. The general ordered his air force to destroy the enemy's naval base.
    將軍命令他的空軍部隊摧毀敵人的海軍基地。
  12. The city will become an important industrial base of our country.
    這座城市將成為我國一個重要的工業基地。
  13. She travels all over the world but London is her base.
    她周游世界而倫敦是她居住的地方。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. “Where is your company based?”“It is based in Paris.”
    “你們公司的總部設在哪兒?”“它設在巴黎?!?/li>

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
base on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    使建立在…基礎上 build or place; use as a basis for
    base oneself/sth on〔upon〕 sth

    We must base ourselves on the interests of the people.

    我們一定要從人民的利益出發。

    Basing himself on the realities of his life, the painter successfully integrated realism and artistic exaggeration.

    畫家根據自己的現實生活,成功地把現實主義和藝術夸張結合起來。

    I base my hopes on the news I had yesterday.

    我的希望是以我昨天得到的消息為根據的。

    We based our conclusion on facts.

    我們是以事實作為我們結論的依據的。

    These criticisms are based on misunderstanding.

    這些評論完全是出于誤解。

    Direct taxation is usually based upon income.

    直接稅通常是以收入為根據。

    This song is based on an old folk tune.

    這首歌是以一首古老的民間曲調為基礎而寫成的。

    His conclusion is based on practical experience.

    他的結論建立在實踐經驗的基礎上。

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 名詞+~ ~+名詞 介詞+~ ~+介詞
用作動詞 (v.)
~+介詞

經典引文

  • They toppled the statue of Mussolini..and inscribed a motto on its base.

    出自:Nation
  • A most base piece of flatterie.

    出自: W. Raleigh
  • A few base contemporaries no older than ourselves, but cads.

    出自: H. Belloc
  • He has thoughts and feelings and impulses which may be wise or foolish, noble or base.

    出自: B. Russell
  • Underneath the rough exterior their hearts were as base as anyone's.

    出自: J. Braine
  • Great roots based the tree-columns.

    出自: G. Macdonald

base的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. base的基本意思是“底座,基礎”,一般指具體有形的事物的底部、基座等; 也可用來比喻理論的基礎或討論的根據等。base還可作“基地”解,多指軍事或工業基地。
  2. base是可數名詞,其前可加a或the,在句中可作主語或賓語。
v. (動詞)
  1. base用作動詞是“把…建立在,以…為基礎”的意思,指人們依據一定的客觀規律或自己的親身體驗而得出的一定結論。base常用于非物質結構的基礎,這個基礎可以是物質的,也可以是非物質的。
  2. base是及物動詞,常與on連用,作“使建立在…基礎上”解。常用于被動結構。
  1. base常指有形的基礎,側重指構成或支撐某一具體物體的基礎,也可指軍事基地或用作比喻意義。而basis常指無形的基礎,主要用作抽象或引申意義;
  2. military base是指軍事基地,economic basis and superstructure是指經濟基礎和上層建筑;
  3. base和basis的復數形式都是bases,前者讀作['beisiz],后者讀作['beisi:z]。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
base, basis, foundation
  • 這組詞的共同意思是“基礎”“根基”。其區別是:
  • base一般指露出地面的、具體有形的事物的底部、基座等,偶爾也可用來比喻理論的基礎或討論的根據等; 還可指軍事或工業基地等。basis指無形的、非物質的基礎,如基本原則、思想核心、事實根據、行為動機等。例如:
  • The report has been prepared upon an insufficient basis of facts.寫這個報告所依據的事實不足。
  • foundation通常指有形的建筑物的地下基礎,其所表示的“基礎”一般比較堅實或更莊嚴,所支撐的物體要比base的體積大; 也可以表示無形的某種思想或信仰的基礎。例如:
  • The workers are driving in piles to make a firm foundation.工人們在打樁,構筑牢固的地基。
  • base,basis,foundation,ground
  • 這些名詞均含有“基礎”之意。
  • base側重指構成或支撐某一具體物體的基礎,也可指軍事基地或用作比喻意義。
  • basis主要用作抽象或引申意義。
  • foundation用于具體意義時,側重指堅固結實的建筑物的基礎或地基;用作比喻意義時,與basis基本相同。
  • ground含義與basis和foundation接近。一般指某種決定、論點或關系的基礎,也可指某種原因的基礎。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      我的希望建立在這個新計劃之上。

      My hope based on the new plan.

      I based my hope on the new plan.

      base為及物動詞。因此表示“建立在…之上”或“以…為基礎”時不能說base on sth,而只能用base sth on sth 的句型。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 15世紀初期進入英語,直接源自古法語的bas,意為深,深度;最初源自古希臘語的basis,意為臺階,基座。
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