- n. 底部；基地；基礎；基數；基線；(棒球)壘；[化]堿
- vt. 以 ... 作基礎
- adj. 卑鄙的；不道德的
- 基數（如十進制的 10 和二進制的 2）
- 賤的，劣的 ，低級的，微賤的
- 以…為據點， 以...為基地
- [C]基礎,底座 the bottom part of sth; the part that sth stands on
- [C]基地,根據地 the place that you start from and go back to
- vt. 把…建立在,以…為基礎 place or establish; provide with a base or centre
installation from which a military force initiates operations;
"the attack wiped out our forward bases"
lowest support of a structure;
"it was built on a base of solid rock"
"he stood at the foot of the tower"
a place that the runner must touch before scoring;
"he scrambled to get back to the bag"
the bottom or lowest part;
"the base of the mountain"
(anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment;
"the base of the skull"
a lower limit;
"the government established a wage floor"
the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained;
"the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"
a support or foundation;
"the base of the lamp"
a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water;
"bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed;
"the base of the triangle"
the most important or necessary part of something;
"the basis of this drink is orange juice"
(numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place;
"10 is the radix of the decimal system"
the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end
a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;
"thematic vowels are part of the stem"
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area;
"the industrial base of Japan"
the principal ingredient of a mixture;
"glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"
"he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"
"everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"
a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit;
"a tub should sit on its own base"
(electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector
serving as or forming a base;
"the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"
of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense);
"baseborn wretches with dirty faces"
"of humble (or lowly) birth"
(used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal;
"base coins of aluminum"
"a base metal"
not adhering to ethical or moral principles;
"base and unpatriotic motives"
"a base, degrading way of life"
"cheating is dishonorable"
"they considered colonialism immoral"
"unethical practices in handling public funds"
having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality;
"that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"
"taking a mean advantage"
"chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort"
"something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"
debased; not genuine;
"an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"
use as a basis for; found on;
"base a claim on some observation"
situate as a center of operations;
"we will base this project in the new lab"
use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
- I found a small leaf at the base of the flower.
- Our mission was over, and went back to our base.
- Many languages have Latin as their base.
- One billion new consumers will double the existing consumer base within the next decade.
- The base line can be set out as a single or double chain.
- The line spacing is the vertical distance between the base lines of two consecutive lines of text.
- I got two on the first base foul line.
- He didn't make it past first base.
- A base is the hydroxide of a metal.
- An acid reacts with a base to form salt and water.
- This novel is based on historical facts.
- To betray a friend is a base action.
- The Christmas tree must have a base.
- The lamp has a flat base.
- The machine rests on a wide base of steel.
- When dams are new, they look like heaps of sticks sloping from a broad base to a narrow top.
- It serves the economic base.
- Axioms are the base of geometry.
- A base of agreement was arrived at.
- This innovation was regarded as a sensible base for teaching and research.
- The base of his argument is that our price is too high.
- They set up three bases before climbing to the top.
- The general ordered his air force to destroy the enemy's naval base.
- The city will become an important industrial base of our country.
- She travels all over the world but London is her base.
- “Where is your company based?”“It is based in Paris.”
- base on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
使建立在…基礎上 build or place; use as a basis for
base oneself/sth on〔upon〕 sth
We must base ourselves on the interests of the people.
Basing himself on the realities of his life, the painter successfully integrated realism and artistic exaggeration.
I base my hopes on the news I had yesterday.
We based our conclusion on facts.
These criticisms are based on misunderstanding.
Direct taxation is usually based upon income.
This song is based on an old folk tune.
His conclusion is based on practical experience.
- set up a base 建立基地
- air base 空軍基地
- army base 陸軍基地
- center base 中心
- company's base 公司總部
- naval base 海軍基地
- oil base 石油基地
- power base 動力基地
- sea base 海軍基地
- base hospital 后方醫院
- base index 基本指數
- base map 工作草圖
- base paper 原紙
- base point 基點
- base price 基價
- base stock 基本原料
- base unit 基本單位
- the base of a building 建筑物的基地
- the base of a column 柱腳
- the base of a plan 計劃的依據
- the base of a statue 塑像的基座
- the base of the thumb 拇指根
- the base of a triangle 三角形的底邊
They toppled the statue of Mussolini..and inscribed a motto on its base.出自：Nation
A most base piece of flatterie.出自： W. Raleigh
A few base contemporaries no older than ourselves, but cads.出自： H. Belloc
He has thoughts and feelings and impulses which may be wise or foolish, noble or base.出自： B. Russell
Underneath the rough exterior their hearts were as base as anyone's.出自： J. Braine
Great roots based the tree-columns.出自： G. Macdonald
- base的基本意思是“底座,基礎”,一般指具體有形的事物的底部、基座等; 也可用來比喻理論的基礎或討論的根據等。base還可作“基地”解,多指軍事或工業基地。
- military base是指軍事基地，economic basis and superstructure是指經濟基礎和上層建筑；
- base, basis, foundation
- base一般指露出地面的、具體有形的事物的底部、基座等，偶爾也可用來比喻理論的基礎或討論的根據等; 還可指軍事或工業基地等。basis指無形的、非物質的基礎,如基本原則、思想核心、事實根據、行為動機等。例如:
- The report has been prepared upon an insufficient basis of facts.寫這個報告所依據的事實不足。
- foundation通常指有形的建筑物的地下基礎,其所表示的“基礎”一般比較堅實或更莊嚴,所支撐的物體要比base的體積大; 也可以表示無形的某種思想或信仰的基礎。例如:
- The workers are driving in piles to make a firm foundation.工人們在打樁,構筑牢固的地基。
誤 My hope based on the new plan.
正 I based my hope on the new plan.
析 base為及物動詞。因此表示“建立在…之上”或“以…為基礎”時不能說base on sth,而只能用base sth on sth 的句型。
- ☆ 15世紀初期進入英語，直接源自古法語的bas，意為深，深度；最初源自古希臘語的basis，意為臺階，基座。