black

  基本詞匯  
[bl?k]     [bl?k]    
  • adj. 黑的;不加牛奶的;很臟的;憤怒的;令人沮喪的;邪惡的;陰沉的;機密的;黑色幽默的
  • n. 黑色;黑人;黑色物
  • v. 抵制;(使)變黑
blackish blackly blackness blacked blacked blacking blacks
new

black的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 黑,黑色的,漆黑的
  2. 黑暗的,暗的,黯淡的
  3. 不加牛奶的
  4. 陰郁的,憂郁的
  5. 黑人的
  6. 穿黑衣的
  7. 污染的,弄臟了的
  8. 丟臉的
  9. 發著脾氣的,怒沖沖的
  10. 毫無希望的
  11. 不祥的
  12. 災難深重的
n. (名詞)
  1. 黑人,黑色人種的人
  2. 黑,黑色
  3. 黑衣,尤指喪服
  4. 黑色染料, 黑漆,黑色顏料,黑色墨水
  5. 盈余,結余
v. (動詞)
  1. 弄臟,染污
  2. 變黑,成黑色
  3. 把...弄黑,使變黑,染黑,涂黑
  4. 阻塞,阻擋
  5. 圍困
  6. 抵制,拒絕處理(貨物),拒絕(同某人做生意)
  7. 暫時失去知覺,昏厥,暈眩
  8. 使(某處)變黑暗
  9. 涂掉(文章)
  10. 截斷(電視廣播)
  11. 把黑色的鞋油涂在…上
  12. 把(眼眶)打成青腫
adv. (副詞)
  1. 秘密地
  2. <英方>徹底地
  3. <英方>極度地

雙解釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 黑的,黑色的 of the very darkest colour, like coal or soot; opposite of white; of a colour very similar to this
  2. 黑人的,黑膚色人種的 of a dark-skinned race
  3. 很臟的,有污垢的 very dirty; covered with dirt
  4. 感傷的,憂郁的 without hope; very sad or melancholy
  5. 惱怒的,怨恨的 very angry or resentful
n. (名詞)
  1. [U]黑色 black colour
  2. [U]黑衣服 black clothes
  3. [C]黑人 person of a dark-skinned race; Negro
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 弄黑,涂黑 make sth black; put polish on (shoes, etc.)
  2. vt. 抵制 refuse to handle (goods, etc.); boycott

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white)

  2. total absence of light;

    "they fumbled around in total darkness"
    "in the black of night"

  3. British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)

  4. popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928)

  5. a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)

  6. (board games) the darker pieces

  7. black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning);

    "the widow wore black"

Adjective:
  1. being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light;

    "black leather jackets"
    "as black as coal"
    "rich black soil"

  2. of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin;

    "a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"

  3. marked by anger or resentment or hostility;

    "black looks"
    "black words"

  4. offering little or no hope;

    "the future looked black"
    "prospects were bleak"
    "Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"
    "took a dim view of things"

  5. stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable;

    "black deeds"
    "a black lie"
    "his black heart has concocted yet another black deed"
    "Darth Vader of the dark side"
    "a dark purpose"
    "dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility"
    "the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"

  6. (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin;

    "the stock market crashed on Black Friday"
    "a calamitous defeat"
    "the battle was a disastrous end to a disastrous campaign"
    "such doctrines, if true, would be absolutely fatal to my theory"
    "it is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it"
    "a fateful error"

  7. (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood;

    "a face black with fury"

  8. extremely dark;

    "a black moonless night"
    "through the pitch-black woods"
    "it was pitch-dark in the cellar"

  9. harshly ironic or sinister;

    "black humor"
    "a grim joke"
    "grim laughter"
    "fun ranging from slapstick clowning ... to savage mordant wit"

  10. (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading;

    "black propaganda"

  11. distributed or sold illicitly;

    "the black economy pays no taxes"

  12. (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame;

    "Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands"
    "an ignominious retreat"
    "inglorious defeat"
    "an opprobrious monument to human greed"
    "a shameful display of cowardice"

  13. (of coffee) without cream or sugar

  14. soiled with dirt or soot;

    "with feet black from playing outdoors"
    "his shirt was black within an hour"

Verb:
  1. make or become black;

    "The smoke blackened the ceiling"
    "The ceiling blackened"

black的用法和樣例:

例句

用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. Do you have a black jacket?
    你有一件黑夾克嗎?
  2. How do you like coffee, black or white ?
    你喜歡什么樣的咖啡?不加牛奶的還是加牛奶的?
  3. His hands were black from working on the car all afternoon.
    他的雙手因為整個下午都在修車而變得臟黑黑的。
  4. His father looked as black as thunder.
    他的父親看上去極為憤怒。
  5. The future looks pretty black.
    前景看來很暗淡。
  6. The black earthly spirit of the priests wounded my life.
    牧師邪惡的世俗靈魂傷害了我的心靈。
  7. The sky looks black and threatening.
    天色陰沉可怕.
  8. The Pentagon's black budget are very highly classified.
    五角大樓的機密預算是高度機密的。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The black shows up against the white.
    在白色的襯托下,黑色很顯目。
  2. He was the first black to be elected as Mayor.
    他是第一位被選為市長的黑人。
  3. After her husband died, she dressed in deep black for the rest of her life.
    她丈夫去世后,她終生都穿著黑色喪服。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. The unions have blacked all inports from country.
    工會拒絕處理從這個國家進口的一切貨物。
  2. He blacked his shoes before visiting his father-in-law.
    在拜訪岳父之前,他把鞋子擦黑。
  3. During the war we had to black out all our windows.
    戰時我們必須用黑布遮著窗口以免透光。

常見句型

用作形容詞 (adj.)
用作定語 ~+ n.
  1. She has long black hair.
    她有一頭烏黑的長發。
  2. He has a black horse.
    他有一匹黑馬。
  3. Most Africans have black skin.
    大多數非洲人是黑皮膚。
  4. It was a cold, black night.
    那是一個寒冷而漆黑的夜晚。
  5. The black car belongs to the factory.
    那輛黑色小汽車是屬于他工廠的。
  6. The chimney blew out a cloud of black smoke.
    煙囪里噴出一團黑煙。
  7. He is a black scientist.
    他是一位黑人科學家。
  8. Many black people emigrated to Britain in the 1950's.
    在20世紀50年代,很多黑人移民到英國。
  9. Enraged, he swung at his companion and gave him a black eye.
    他憤怒地揮拳打他的同伴,把他打得鼻青臉腫。
  10. Jim got a black eye in his fight with Joe.
    吉姆和喬打架,眼睛被打青了。
  11. The black memory of his mother's death rushed over him again.
    母親的死使十分悲痛的往事又涌上他的心頭。
  12. Black passions boiled up inside him.
    他怒火中燒。
  13. It began to freeze hard in the black cold of December.
    在嚴寒的12月里冰結得很厚。
  14. He is a bass with a black voice.
    他是一個音調低沉的男低音。
  15. Everybody could see black resentment filled his heart.
    大家可以看出,他的內心悶悶不樂。
  16. He received a black refusal.
    他完全遭到了拒絕。
用作表語 S+be+~
  1. My bicycle is black.
    我的自行車是黑色的。
  2. It is black outside the house at night.
    夜晚屋外一片漆黑。
  3. Your hands are black; go and wash them.
    你的手太臟了,去洗洗吧。
  4. The bread was burnt black and hard.
    面包烤得又焦又硬。
  5. He was burned quite black by the sun.
    他曬得很黑。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. Don't be so black at your neighbors.
    不要對你的鄰居怒氣沖沖。
  2. Things looked very black for him.
    情況看來對他不利。
  3. This area is an expanse of stones burnt black from millions of years of exposure to the scorching sun.
    這個地區是一望無垠的石頭,幾百萬年來暴曬在烈日之下,都曬黑了。
  4. She was black in the face.
    她氣得臉紅脖子粗。
  5. Don't be black on me!
    不要對我怒氣沖沖!
  6. The sky grew black with clouds.
    黑云密布,天色陰暗。
  7. The old man was black with rage.
    那老人氣得臉色發紫。
用作賓語補足語 S+V+O+~
  1. Don't bake the cakes black.
    別把餅烤焦了。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Black is not my favourite colour.
    黑色不是我喜愛的顏色。
  2. The box is lacquered in black.
    箱子被漆成了黑色。
  3. The man in black was her husband.
    那個穿黑衣服的人是她丈夫。
  4. The mourners were dressed in black.
    哀悼者穿黑衣服。
  5. Discrimination against Blacks is still common.
    歧視黑人仍是普遍現象。
  6. He was the first Black to be elected to the Congress.
    他是第一個被選入國會的黑人。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He blacked his shoes once a week.
    他每周給鞋涂一次油。
  2. He blacked and polished his shoes.
    他把皮鞋涂上黑鞋油,并擦得亮亮的。
  3. He blacked my eye in the fight.
    打架時他把我的一只眼睛打青了。

常用短語

用作形容詞 (adj.)
black and blue
    青一塊紫一塊 covered with bruises
go black
    變成一片昏黑 become black
look black
    暗淡 not very bright
paint sb black
    說某人的壞話 say sth bad about sb
用作名詞 (n.)
in black and white
    黑白分明 (in) absolute terms, of good and bad, right and wrong
in the black
    有盈余 have the surplus
用作動詞 (v.)
black out (v.+adv.)
    涂去 cover sth so that it cannot be read
    black out

    The plane dived suddenly, causing the pilot to black out.

    飛機突然俯沖致使駕駛員昏了過去。

    After the accident he blacked out and couldn't remember what happened.

    事故之后,他失去了知覺,發生的事他記不起來了。

    I'm sorry,I just blacked out for a few minutes.

    對不起,我剛才暈過去了幾分鐘。

    black sth ? out

    The stage was blacked out to hide a change of scenery.

    舞臺熄燈為的是不讓觀眾看見換布景。

    During the war, we had to make sure windows were carefully blacked out at night.

    戰爭期間我們一定要在晚上把窗戶關嚴,不能漏出光線。

    The city was blacked out during the air raid.

    空襲時全城實行燈火管制。

    black sth ? out

    You had better black out that word.

    你最好把那個字涂掉。

詞匯搭配

用作形容詞 (adj.)
~+名詞 動詞+~ ~+介詞
用作名詞 (n.)
介詞+~
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞

經典引文

  • We must take black and white into our list, as colours with the painter though not with the optician.

    出自: W. M. Craig
  • The cold black of 6 A.M.

    出自: J. Cheever
  • Thou canst not make one haire white or blacke.

    出自:Bible (AV): Matthew
  • The priest himself..Pours the black wine.

    出自: Pope
  • Her eyes..were the blackest I had ever seen.

    出自: J. Rhys

black的詳細講解:

詞語用法

adj. (形容詞)
  1. black的基本意思是“黑的,黑色的”,指在顏色上表現為黑色,多用來修飾一些客觀實在的名詞(如頭發、皮膚等)。引申可指“黑人的”“有污垢的”“感傷的”“惱怒的”。偶爾也可表示光線“暗”。
  2. black在句中可用作定語或表語。
n. (名詞)
  1. black用作名詞時意思是“黑色”,指相對于白色而言的一種顏色,還可指“黑衣服”或黑皮膚的人種,即“黑人”。
  2. black主要用作不可數名詞,當作“黑人”解時還可用作可數名詞。
  3. black作“黑人”解時首字母可以大寫也可以小寫。
v. (動詞)
  1. black用作動詞時的意思是“弄黑,涂黑”,指將某物涂抹成黑色; 還可指“抵制”,即反對某人或某物。
  2. black主要用作及物動詞,后接名詞或代詞作賓語??捎糜诒粍咏Y構。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
black, Negro, nigger
  • 參見Negro條。
  • v. (動詞)
    black, blacken
  • 這兩個詞都有“使變黑”的意思。其區別是:
  • black通常指“有意地使…變黑”; blacken指“無意地使…變黑”,引申可指“毀壞(名譽)”。例如:
  • He blacked the outside walls of his house.他把他房子的外墻涂成了黑色。
  • The heavy smoke blackened her eyes.濃煙熏黑了她的眼睛。
  • Nothing but his own doings blackened his reputation.是他自己的行為毀了他的名譽。
  • dark,dim,black,gloomy,obscure,vague,grey
  • 這些形容詞都含有“完全地或不完全地缺少光亮”之意。
  • dark最普通用詞,指缺乏自然光線或人工照明,使某物漆黑無光或光線十分微弱。
  • dim指光線不足或視力較差,不能清晰地看見物體。
  • black側重顏色是黑色的,有時也指無光的黑暗。
  • gloomy指光線不足或部分光線受阻而出現的陰暗。
  • obscure指因光線不充足而使物體灰暗不清,失去光澤或若隱若現。作借喻時指因復雜、深奧或含糊而難于理解。
  • vague通常作借喻用,形容抽象事物。
  • grey與dark意思相近,但側重陰暗單調的意味。
  • 常見錯誤

    adj. (形容詞)
      在陽光下沐浴了兩個小時的澡后,我被曬黑了。

      I became black after taking a two-hour bathe.

      I became very dark〔suntanned〕 after taking a two-hour bathe.

      表示“曬黑”時,不說become black,應說become dark或suntanned。

    n. (名詞)
      他穿著黑色的衣服。

      He was dressed in the black.

      He was dressed in black.

      表示“穿著某種顏色的衣服”時,可用“in+表示顏色的詞”,此時在表示顏色的詞前不加冠詞?!癷n the black”的意思是“有盈余”。例如:

      The new production method put the factory in the black.新生產方法使工廠有了盈余。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的blac,意為黑的。
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