chance

  基本詞匯  
[t?ɑ?ns]     [t??ns]    
  • n. 可能性;機會;偶然性
  • v. 偶然發生;碰巧;冒 ... (的險)
chanced chanced chancing chances
new

chance的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 冒險
  2. 偶然,意外
  3. 運氣,命運
  4. 僥幸,幸運
  5. 可能性,或然性,希望
  6. 機會,良機,際遇
  7. 賭博
  8. 偶然事件,意外事件
  9. 機緣,概率,幾率
v. (動詞)
  1. 偶然被發現,偶然發現
  2. 偶然發生,碰巧,偶然,無意
  3. 冒…的險,拿...冒風險,冒險一試
  4. 賭(錢)
  5. 料不到會
  6. 偶然得到
  7. 試試看,碰碰看,碰碰運氣(試一試)
  8. 抓?。C會)
  9. 有運氣
  10. 對(某事)聽任命運
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 偶然的,碰巧的
  2. 意想不到的,意外的,出其不意的
  3. 隨便的,不定時的
adv. (副詞)
  1. 偶然,碰巧

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [C]機會; 時機 a time when you can do sth
  2. [C]某事物發生的可能性 a possibility that sth may happen
  3. [U]碰運氣的事; 運氣 sth that happens that you cannot control; luck
v. (動詞)
  1. vi. 偶然發生 happen by accident or unexpectedly
  2. vt. 冒險 take a risk

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances;

    "the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington"
    "now is your chance"

  2. an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another;

    "bad luck caused his downfall"
    "we ran into each other by pure chance"

  3. a risk involving danger;

    "you take a chance when you let her drive"

  4. a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible;

    "the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5"

  5. the possibility of future success;

    "his prospects as a writer are excellent"

Adjective:
  1. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance;

    "seek help from casual passers-by"
    "a casual meeting"
    "a chance occurrence"

Verb:
  1. be the case by chance;

    "I chanced to meet my old friend in the street"

  2. take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome;

    "When you buy these stocks you are gambling"

  3. come upon, as if by accident; meet with;

    "We find this idea in Plato"
    "I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here"
    "She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day"

chance的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. That would be a daunting task with little chance of success.
    那樣做的話任務過于艱巨,且成功的可能性微乎其微。
  2. Is there any chance of getting tickets for tonight's performance?
    有可能得到今晚演出的票嗎?
  3. Please give me a chance to explain.
    請給我個機會讓我解釋一下。
  4. I never miss a chance of playing football.
    我從不錯過踢足球的機會。
  5. We may lose a lot of support, but that's a chance we'll have to take.
    我們或許會失去很多支持,但這個風險我們必須冒一冒。
  6. I met her quite by chance.
    我遇見她完全是偶然的。
  7. A chance meeting brought the two old friends together again.
    偶然的相遇使兩位老朋友重新聚首。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. If it should chance to rain we'll take a taxi home.
    萬一要下雨的話,我們就乘出租車回家。
  2. Perhaps you might chance on the dictionary at some old bookstall.
    或許你會碰巧在舊書攤上買到這本辭典。
  3. We were very lucky to chance on him in the reading room.
    我們非常幸運地在閱覽室里遇到了他。
  4. It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.
    這可能有危險, 但我們無論如何要冒一冒險。
  5. We'll have to chance meeting an enemy patrol.
    我們不得不冒著可能遇上敵人巡邏兵的危險。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. I think you have a splendid chance.
    我相信你的機會挺好。
  2. A wise man turns chance into good fortune.
    一個聰明人能把機會變成好運。
  3. We planned we'd take the chance and visit a bit of your factory.
    我們打算順便到你們廠去參觀一下。
  4. A good knowledge of English will improve their chances of employment.
    英語好將有助于增加他們的就業機會。
  5. I have not any chance of telling him the inner story.
    我沒有機會跟他講其中的內幕。
  6. I think I've got a good chance of winning.
    我認為我很有可能取勝。
  7. I had the chance of visiting Sydney.
    我曾有機會訪問悉尼。
  8. The team's victory consolidated its chance for the championship.
    該隊的獲勝增加了奪取冠軍的機會。
  9. Here is an excellent chance for you.
    你有個極好的機會。
  10. His chances for recovery are favorable.
    他病愈的可能性很大。
  11. Give me time; I haven't had a chance to think about it.
    給我時間,我一直沒有時間去思考這件事。
  12. Their chance to go abroad was lost.
    他們出國的機會已失去。
  13. He gave me no chance to reply.
    他沒有給我回答的機會。
  14. He got a chance to go to college for further studies.
    他獲得上大學深造的機會。
  15. This is a good chance for me to practise speaking English.
    這是我練習講英語的好機會。
  16. The machine has had no proper chance to do its work.
    那部機器一直沒有發揮作用的適當機會。
  17. The man runs the chance of being killed.
    那男子冒著被殺的危險。
  18. He had the chance of being presented to the chairman in the office.
    他有幸在辦公室被主席召見。
  19. It offers little chance of success.
    成功的機會很小。
  20. It's wise to widen your chance of appointment.
    增加你被信任的可能性是明智的。
  21. They rate the president's chances of living through his crisis are fifty-fifty.
    他們認為,總統渡過危機的可能性是一半對一半。
  22. They would have little chance to survive against our might.
    在我們的強大力量面前,他們幾乎無法繼續生存下去。
  23. He has only one chance in fifty to make it a success.
    他辦成這件事的希望只有50%。
  24. There's little chance that the situation will improve.
    形勢好轉的可能性很小。
  25. There's a chance that I will see her.
    我有可能見到她。
  26. The chances are against snow in May.
    五月不可能下雪。
  27. The chances are two to one against us.
    可能是二比一,形勢對我們不利。
  28. Let's take the chance and buy these goods.
    讓我們碰碰運氣,買下這些貨物。
  29. The boy had been climbing on the rocks with a couple of chance acquaintance.
    那個男孩和幾個偶然相識的伙伴爬上了那些巖石。
  30. He was a chance acquaintance, someone I'd met on a train journey.
    他只是我在一次乘火車時萍水相逢的旅伴。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~+to- v
  1. He chanced to save the man.
    他曾偶然救過這個人。
  2. I chanced to hear the mumbled conversation in the subway.
    那段含糊不清的話是我恰巧在地鐵里聽見的。
  3. If it should chance to rain, we'll take a taxi home.
    萬一碰上天下雨,我們就坐出租汽車回家。
  4. She chanced to be in.
    她碰巧在家。
  5. I chanced to be out when he called me.
    當他打電話給我的時候,我碰巧出去了。
  6. Should there chance to be a fire tonight, let's use the fire extinguisher.
    今晚如發生火災,我們該用滅火器。
用作系動詞 It ~ed that...
  1. It chanced that someone found the lost ring.
    可能有人拾到了丟失的戒指。
  2. It chanced that the winter of that year was severe one.
    碰巧那年冬天特別冷。
  3. It chanced that I was out when he called.
    他來訪時碰巧我不在家。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I wonder if you can get it, but let's chance our arm.
    我不知道能不能成功,不過讓我們碰碰運氣吧。
  2. You shouldn't chance all your money at once.
    你不應該一下子把所有的錢都拿來冒險。
  3. It may be risky but we will chance it anyhow.
    這可能有危險,但我們無論如何要冒一冒險。
  4. Though it's dangerous I'll chance it.
    雖然很危險,但我要碰一碰運氣。
  5. I'll do it and chance the luck.
    不管三七二十一我都會做的。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Should we chance getting home before it snows?
    我們是否碰碰運氣在下雪前趕到家?
  2. Father will not chance driving on the icy roads.
    父親不愿意冒險在結冰的道路上開車。
  3. We'll have to chance meeting an enemy patrol.
    我們不得不冒著可能遇上敵人巡邏兵的危險。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
a fifty-fifty chance
    一半的可能性 half possibility
a game of chance
    碰運氣的游戲 game dependent on luck
a smart chance of
    大量的,很多的 a great deal; a lot
an off chance
    微小的希望 almost no hope
as chance would have it
    湊巧; 碰巧 by coincidence; as it happens
by any chance
    或許; 可能 perhaps; possibly
by chance
    偶然地,意外地 by accident; accidentally; unintentionally
by some chance
    不知為啥 having no idea for what
cat's〔snowball's〕 chance in hell
    毫無機會,機會渺茫 even the remotest chance of all
chance in a million
    希望渺茫 very remote chance, virtual impossibility
chance meeting〔encounter〕
    偶爾相遇 meeting by chance
chance of a lifetime
    一生難得的機會,千載難逢的機會 an exceptional opportunity
chances are (that...)
    很可能發生的情況 the probability is
chances are even〔against it〕
    勝敗各半的機會〔不可能〕 it is equally possible〔unlikely〕
fancy one's chances
    過分自信會成功 be overconfident that one will succeed
fighting〔sporting〕 chance
    成敗均有可能的公平機會 fair〔reasonable〕 chance
give a chance
    給(某人)一次機會; 講點道理吧 let sb have another chance
    give sb a chance

    I made a mistake but you should give me a chance.

    我犯了一次錯誤,但你應該給我一次機會。

have as much chance as a snowflake in hell
    毫無希望 no hope at all
leave nothing to chance
    把事情做得四平八穩,不留漏洞 make things well organized
leave things to chance
    順其自然; 聽天由命 trust to luck
long chance
    冒相當大的險; 沒有多大把握的事情 take a great risk; be unsure
(no) earthly chance/fat chance
    可能性很小 (not even) the remotest chance
on the chance of
    懷有…的希望; 期望 in the hope; in view of the possibility
on the off chance
    萬一,對…抱著微小的希望 in case; in the hope
run a chance of
    冒險 risk
stand a good/fair chance of
    有…的希望 be fairly likely to
take a chance〔chances〕
    冒險 behave riskily
take no chances〔not take chances〕
    不冒險,對…提防一手 not take a risk
take one's chance
    碰運氣,聽憑命運 take whatever happens to come
the main chance
    發財的機會; 得意的機會 opportunity of making money
用作動詞 (v.)
chance on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    偶然找到,遇到 happen to meet sb or find sth
    chance on〔upon〕 sb/sth

    They chanced on a dying wolf.

    他們偶然遇到一只奄奄一息的狼。

    You might chance on the thing you need in the store.

    在這個店里你也許能碰到你所需要的東西。

    He chanced on the solution to his problem.

    他偶然找到了解決問題的辦法。

    On our vacation we chanced upon an interesting antique store.

    我們度假時無意中發現一家有趣的古玩店。

    I was looking for the book I wanted, and chanced upon another with the same title.

    我正在找我所要的那本書,卻碰到同樣的一本書。

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 介詞+~ ~+介詞
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • The chance of war Is equal, and the slayer oft is slain.

    出自: W. C. Bryant
  • It was pure chance that was now to bring us together.

    出自: W. Plomer
  • Him chaunst to meete..A faithlesse Sarazin.

    出自: Spenser
  • If it so chance that we be separated, let each make for London Bridge.

    出自: M. Twain
  • An occasion chanced to present itself.

    出自: H. James
  • They fell silent, wondering what would chance.

    出自: Tolkien
  • My mother chanced to be passing.

    出自: D. Murphy

chance的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. chance作“機會”解時,用以指能做某事的一種僥幸的或偶然的機會或可能性,它的修飾語可以是of或for短語,也可以是動詞不定式或that從句。
  2. chance可用作可數名詞,也可用作不可數名詞,表示“可能性”時,多用復數。
  3. chance還可作“機遇”“運氣”“偶然性”解,是不可數名詞。
v. (動詞)
  1. chance的基本意思是無原因、無計劃地發生或出現,常譯為“偶然〔碰巧〕發生”。引申可表示“冒險”。
  2. chance作“偶然發生”解時是不及物動詞,可接動詞不定式,不過這個不定式并不表示目的、原因或結果,而是與chance構成一個短語動詞,在句中作謂語。
  3. It chanced that...結構中的chance可視為系動詞。
  4. chance作“冒險”解時是及物動詞,可接名詞或動名詞作賓語。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
chance, occasion, opportunity
  • 這組詞都有“機會”“機遇”“運氣”的意思。其區別在于:
  • 1.chance常與opportunity互換使用,但occasion常指一般性的機會,而opportunity則多指特殊的機會。
  • 2.chance含有僥幸的意味,而opportunity則含有期待的意味。chance常表示可能性,而opportunity則無此義。例如:
  • I had no chance〔opportunity〕 to see him.我沒有機會見到他。
  • They had no chance〔opportunity〕 to escape.他們沒有逃跑的機會。
  • He has few occasions to speak English.他很少有機會講英語。
  • I never miss a chance〔an opportunity〕 of playing football.我從不放棄踢足球的機會。
  • Chance plays an important part in many card games.在很多紙牌游戲中,運氣起著重要的作用。
  • The chances are ten to one that we will win.我們獲勝的可能性是10比1。
  • chance, fortune, luck
  • 這三個詞的共同意思是“運氣”。其區別是:
  • luck是口語用詞,可指好的或壞的運氣,沒有修飾語時,多指好運,往往含有成功或愉快之義;chance側重偶然的、無法推測的因素;fortune指決定或影響未來的機遇,常含有變幻無常和人力無法改變的意味。例如:
  • We had the luck to get the best seats.我們真幸運,得到了最好的座位。
  • Chance plays an important part in many card games.在許多紙牌游戲中運氣起很大作用。
  • What wonderful fortune she was enjoying!她多走運啊!
  • v. (動詞)
    chance, come off, take place
  • 這組詞(組)的共同意思是“發生”。其區別在于:
  • 1.chance含有“偶然”發生的意味; take place和come off常指按計劃“發生”。例如:
  • On our vacation we chanced upon an interesting antique store.我們度假時無意中發現一家有趣的古玩店。
  • The sports meet came off in spite of the rain.盡管下雨運動會仍如期舉行了。
  • The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o'clock.預定明早8時舉行會談。
  • 2.take place的主語只能是事物; come off強調出現的結果。例如:
  • What may take place with telephones in the future?將來電話會發生什么變化呢?
  • The wedding came off in spite of Jim and Mary's last minute quarrel.盡管吉姆和瑪麗結婚前最后一刻還在爭吵,婚禮還是正常舉行了。
  • 3.chance是一個較莊重并帶有幾分古風的用語。例如:
  • It chanced that the winter of that year was a severe one.碰巧,那年冬天特別寒冷。
  • chance, endanger, hazard, imperil, risk, venture
  • 這組詞都可表示“有失敗或受傷害的可能”。其區別是:
  • venture強調冒險的勇氣和獲得成功的可能,而不太側重結果; chance不顧及行動或過程中的冒險成分,而寄希望于幸運; endanger強調面臨危險,但本身不側重冒險; imperil也強調面臨危險,但更側重不可肯定和危險的緊迫性; hazard側重有失掉的危險,強調不確定,獲得好結果的希望不大; risk更強調面對真正的危險。
  • chance,opportunity,occasion
  • 這些名詞均含“機會”之意。
  • chance側重指偶然或意外的機會,有時也指正?;蚝玫臋C會。
  • opportunity側重指有利或適合于采取行動,以達到某一目的或實現某種愿望的最佳時機或機會。
  • occasion指特殊時機或良機,也指時節。
  • venture,chance,dare,hazard,risk
  • 這些動詞均含有“敢于冒險”之意。
  • venture指冒風險試一試,或指有禮貌的反抗或反對。
  • chance指碰運氣、冒風險試試。
  • dare可與venture換用,但語氣較強,著重挑戰或違抗。
  • hazard主要指冒險作出某個選擇,隱含碰運氣意味。
  • risk指不顧個人安危去干某事,側重主動承擔風險。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 1300年左右進入英語,直接源自古法語的cheance,意為偶然事件,色子擲下;最初源自古典拉丁語的cadentem,意為下落。
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