disturb

  核心詞匯  
[d?'st??b]     [d?'st??rb]    
  • v. 擾亂;妨礙;使 ... 不安;打破...的平靜;打亂...的治安
disturbingly disturber disturbed disturbed disturbing disturbs
new

disturb的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 打擾,妨礙,干擾,妨害,攪擾
  2. 擾亂,攪亂,打亂,弄亂,搞亂
  3. 使不安,使煩惱,使焦慮
  4. 妨礙睡眠
  5. 使心神不寧
  6. 侵犯(權利)
  7. 打破…的平靜
  8. 攪動(靜物),激蕩(水面)
  9. 擾亂…的治安,騷亂
  10. 使感麻煩,使不便
n. (名詞)
  1. 打擾,妨礙

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 打擾,擾亂 break the quiet, calm, peace or order of; stop sb thinking or working well; put out of the right or usual position; change the usual or natural condition of

英英釋義

Verb:
  1. move deeply;

    "This book upset me"
    "A troubling thought"

  2. change the arrangement or position of

  3. tamper with;

    "Don't touch my CDs!"

  4. destroy the peace or tranquility of;

    "Don't interrupt me when I'm reading"

  5. damage as if by shaking or jarring;

    "Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!"

disturb的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. They took the phone off the hook so no calls would disturb them.
    他們摘下電話聽筒,以免電話打擾他們。
  2. I am sorry to disturb you.
    很抱歉我妨礙到你了。
  3. Ministers declared themselves profoundly disturbed by the violence.
    大臣們自稱因為暴力而感到深刻的不安。
  4. A soft breeze gently disturbed the surface of the pool.
    一陣微風吹拂了平靜的池塘。
  5. None of the citizens should disturb the public peace.
    城市居民不可以擾亂公共治安。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. Do not disturb.
    請勿打擾。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Don't disturb the sleeping child.
    不要驚擾了正睡覺的孩子。
  2. Someone has disturbed my books.
    有人把我的書弄亂了。
  3. The child continually disturbs the class.
    那孩子不斷地擾亂課堂秩序。
  4. She has disturbed his plans for going abroad .
    她打亂了他出國的全部計劃。
  5. They were charged with disturbing public peace.
    他們被指控擾亂社會治安。
  6. Heavy truck traffic disturbed the neighbourhood.
    重型卡車的來來往往擾亂了這一帶的安寧。
  7. A light wind disturbed the surface of the water.
    微風拂動水面。
  8. It disturbs me profoundly that you so misuse your talents.
    你如此濫用自己的才能,使我深感不安。
  9. His passion for his cause disturbed me.
    他對事業的熱情使我焦慮不安。
  10. 1
  11. He did not wish to be disturbed in this work.
    他做這項工作時不愿受到打擾。
  12. Plant it where it will not be disturbed.
    把它種在不會受到損害的地方。
  13. Nothing has been disturbed.
    東西都在原處,沒有動過。
  14. The bilateral relationship was seriously disturbed by the border incident.
    這一邊境事件嚴重影響了雙邊關系。
  15. He was internally disturbed to hear of her illness.
    聽說她病了,他內心很不安。
  16. I felt disturbed to hear of your illness.
    聽說你生了病,我感到不安。
其他
  1. He has had some disturbing experience.
    他有過一些使他很不舒服的經歷。
  2. This was disturbing news to them indeed.
    這確實是個使他們感到很不安的消息。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • Instant without disturb they took Allarm.

    出自: Milton
  • He'd have to arrest him for disturbing the peace.

    出自: A. Haley
  • The slightest sound in the night disturbs me.

    出自: G. Vidal
  • It was a strict rule not to disturb adults when they were resting.

    出自: D. M. Thomas

disturb的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. disturb的基本意思是擾亂別人正在干的事,使別人感到厭煩,或指某事物使某人的心緒受到明顯的干擾,如焦急、困惑、失望等??捎米骷拔飫釉~,也可用作不及物動詞。用作及物動詞時,后可接名詞、代詞作簡單賓語??捎糜诒粍咏Y構。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
disturb, agitate, perturb, upset
  • 這組詞都有“擾亂”的意思。其區別是:
  • disturb有時并不意味著使受擾的人動了感情; perturb的意思是“把…擾得紊亂不安”,使受擾亂者焦急煩惱; agitate強調使受擾亂者感情激動甚至不能克制自己; upset的意思是使人心緒煩亂,感覺不舒服,或打亂預定的安排。
  • disturb, annoy, bother, interfere, interrupt, irritate, trouble, worry
  • 這組詞的共同意思是“打擾”,用作名詞時其區別在于:
  • 1.bother表示暫時的、無關緊要的“困擾”“煩惱”。例如:
  • They had quite a lot of bother getting here because of the fog.因為有霧,所以他們費了很大的勁才找到這兒來。
  • 2.worry表示不必要的、于事無補的“困擾”“煩惱”。例如:
  • Money is just one of our worries.錢只是我們的煩惱事之一。
  • 3.trouble表示的意義很廣泛,事無巨細,并且比worry和bother更正式一些。例如:
  • The old lady next door was telling me all her troubles.隔壁的老太太正在對我訴說她的種種煩惱。
  • bother,disturb,trouble,annoy,irritate,vex
  • 這些動詞均有“使人不安或煩惱”之意。
  • bother指使人煩惱而引起的緊張不安或感到不耐煩。
  • disturb較正式用詞,多用被動態。指擾亂,使人不能平靜或妨礙別人工作、思維或正常秩序,是程度較深的煩惱。
  • trouble指給人在行動上帶來不便或在身心上造成痛苦。
  • annoy強調因被迫忍受令人不快、討厭的事而失去平靜或耐心,多指一時的打擾或惱怒。
  • irritate語氣比annoy強得多,指激怒,使發怒,多指一種短時間的反應。
  • vex側重指因不斷的干擾而引起的煩惱,有時含激怒的意味。
  • upset,agitate,disturb,perturb
  • 這些動詞均有“使不安,使心煩意亂”之意。
  • upset最普通,最通俗用詞,側重失去精神上的平靜,心理上完全喪失平衡。
  • agitate側重指內心的焦慮,難于控制,表露于外。
  • disturb指因某人的行動、擾亂、妨礙安靜等而使人不得安寧。
  • perturb書面語用詞,指使人焦急煩惱,擾得心情不安。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀初期進入英語,直接源自古典拉丁語的disturbare:dis (完全的) + turbare (混亂),意為完全混亂。

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