force

  基本詞匯  
[f??s]     [f??rs]    
  • n. 武力;暴力;力量;影響力;力量大的人或(事物);權力;(為某目的組織起來的)一群人;軍隊;部隊;武裝力量;警察部門;力;風力
  • v. 迫使;強迫;強制;使發生;強裝(歡笑);人工催長
forceable forcer forced forced forcing forces
new

force的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 【物】力
  2. 武力,兵力
  3. 暴力
  4. 軍隊,部隊
  5. (法律、規則、軍事等)力量
  6. 勢力,威力
  7. 說服力
  8. 效力
  9. 力氣
  10. 力的強度
  11. 影響,有影響的人
  12. 支配力
  13. 一群人
v. (動詞)
  1. 用力(推進)
  2. 強行(攻占、打開、促成等)
  3. 勉強作出
  4. 加速(植物)生長,人工催長,催熟
  5. 迫使或強迫(某人)做某事
  6. 使發生
  7. 強作笑顏,強裝歡笑
  8. 提速,加快速度
  9. 強忍(不表露情感)
  10. 強迫咽下
  11. 把…強加給,施強力于
  12. 強制,逼迫,強奪
  13. 勉強做出
  14. 推動
  15. 加壓力
  16. 提高
  17. 憑借武力前進

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [U]力; 力量; 力氣 natural or bodily power; active strength
  2. [U]武力; 暴力 fierce or uncontrolled use of strength; violence
  3. [C]影響力; 效力 a person, thing, belief, action, etc., that has strong enough influence to cause widespread changes in a way of living, or that has uncontrollable power over living things
  4. [P]一群人; 部隊; 兵力 a group of people brought together or trained for some kind of action, especially military action
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 強制,迫使,逼迫 make (an unwilling person) doing sth; drive
  2. vt. 施強力于; 強行促成 use physical force on
  3. vt. 強作,勉強作出 produce by unwilling effort; produce with difficulty or against nature
  4. vt. 促成早熟,促成生長 hasten the growth of (a plant) by the use of heat

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. a powerful effect or influence;

    "the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"

  2. (physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;

    "force equals mass times acceleration"

  3. physical energy or intensity;

    "he hit with all the force he could muster"
    "it was destroyed by the strength of the gale"
    "a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of a living man"

  4. group of people willing to obey orders;

    "a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens"

  5. a unit that is part of some military service;

    "he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men"

  6. an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);

    "he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do by force and violence in the short one"

  7. one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;

    "the mysterious presence of an evil power"
    "may the force be with you"
    "the forces of evil"

  8. a group of people having the power of effective action;

    "he joined forces with a band of adventurers"

  9. (of a law) having legal validity;

    "the law is still in effect"

  10. a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;

    "the shortstop got the runner at second on a force"

Verb:
  1. to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :

    "She forced him to take a job in the city"
    "He squeezed her for information"

  2. urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate

  3. move with force,

    "He pushed the table into a corner"

  4. impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably;

    "She forced her diet fads on him"

  5. squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;

    "I squeezed myself into the corner"

  6. force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;

    "She rammed her mind into focus"
    "He drives me mad"

  7. cause to move by pulling;

    "draw a wagon"
    "pull a sled"

  8. do forcibly; exert force;

    "Don't force it!"

  9. take by force;

    "Storm the fort"

force的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. When persuasion failed they used force.
    勸說無效時,他們就使用武力了。
  2. We'll settle the problem by force if necessary.
    如果有必要的話,我們會用武力解決這個問題。
  3. If you do not open the door, I am authorized to enter by use of force.
    如果你不開門,我有權使用暴力闖入。
  4. It is vain to attempt to root out heresy by force.
    試圖用暴力消除異端邪說是徒勞的。
  5. The force of his fall was broken by the straw mats.
    草墊的緩沖作用減弱了他下跌的力量。
  6. The force of the explosion broke all the windows in the building.
    爆炸的力量震碎了這座建筑上的所有窗戶。
  7. The law should remain in force.
    法律應當有效力。
  8. She is a force to be reckoned with.
    她是一個需要認真對待的有影響力的人物。
  9. These guidelines do not have the force of law.
    這些指導原則不具有法律效力。
  10. In 1939 Blitzkrieg defeated the Polish army, which had obsolete Cavalry instead of tanks and an obsolete Air Force.
    1939年,閃電戰擊敗了只裝備有過時的騎兵和空軍的波蘭軍隊。
  11. Air force units have been ordered to intensify their patrols.
    空軍部隊奉命加強巡邏。
  12. The armed forces usually consist of the army, the navy and the air force.
    武裝力量通常有陸、海、空軍組成。
  13. He joined the force twenty years ago.
    他二十年前加入了警隊。
  14. The moon exerts a force on the earth.
    月球對地球有引力。
  15. Trees break the force of the wind.
    樹使風力減弱。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. Circumstances force us to adopt this policy.
    形勢迫使我們采取這項政策。
  2. No power on earth could force me to do it .
    世上沒人能強迫我做這事。
  3. This will force a system shutdown, whether a user is logged in or not.
    這將強制關閉一個系統。無論使用者是否已經登陸。
  4. Building a new road here will force house prices down.
    在這里修建一條新道路將使房價下跌。
  5. She managed to force a smile.
    她勉強笑笑。
  6. It is unwise to force a child's talent.
    對兒童的才能拔苗助長是不明智的。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. He didn't use much force.
    他沒有用什么力氣。
  2. She lacks force.
    她沒有氣力。
  3. Push with as much force as you can.
    你用足力氣推。
  4. He was killed by the force of the blow.
    他被猛力一擊,打死了。
  5. The police had to use force to hold back the crowd.
    警察不得不使用武力攔住人群。
  6. We have renounced the use of force to settle our disputes.
    我們已再次宣布放棄使用武力來解決爭端。
  7. The force of the explosion broke off all the windows.
    爆炸力量把窗子全震碎了。
  8. The force of the wind closed the door.
    風的力量將門關上了。
  9. The force of Gravity makes things fall to earth.
    地球引力使物體落到地面上。
  10. The force acting on the particle is constant.
    作用于粒子的力是恒力。
  11. The force of an earthquake can be measured quite accurately.
    地震的力度可以十分精確地測量出來。
  12. Modern wars let loose terrible force of destruction.
    現代戰爭能產生巨大的破壞力。
  13. Man is doomed to struggle against the brute force of nature.
    人注定要跟殘酷的自然力作斗爭。
  14. He overcame his bad habits by sheer force of will.
    他全憑意志力克服他的惡習。
  15. This aroused creative forces in the popular masses.
    這激發了廣大群眾的創造力。
  16. The Chinese ideographs are a unifying force in China.
    漢字在中國是一種起統一作用的力量。
  17. The force of public opinion is important.
    輿論的力量是很重要的。
  18. The Left and the Right have always been the principal political forces.
    左派和右派一直是主要的政治力量。
  19. The forces of evil attack us on all sides.
    惡勢力從四面八方向我們進攻。
  20. Nationalism was rapidly becoming a dangerous force.
    民族主義迅速變為一股危險的勢力。
  21. The mother was very neat; her daughter learnt to be neat by force of example.
    媽媽很愛整潔,由于榜樣的力量,她的女兒也學會愛整潔。
  22. That boy has been a great force for good in the school.
    那男孩一直是學校里引導大家積極向上的一個人物。
  23. She was a powerful force in the woman's movement.
    她對婦女運動有很大的影響力。
  24. There is force in what he said.
    他的話有說服力。
  25. Your argument has great force.
    你的論據有很強的說服力。
  26. The force of his argument was so great that many people accepted his beliefs as truth.
    他的論點說服力很大,很多人都把他的信仰當真理來接受。
  27. Decisions of the Congress have force of law.
    國會的決議具有法律效力。
  28. The force of some laws has to be tested in court.
    有些法律的效力必須在法庭上接受檢驗。
  29. A poet must carefully weigh the force of each word he uses.
    詩人必須仔細斟酌所用的每個詞的確切意義。
  30. It isn't always possible, when translating a poem, to keep the complete force of the language in which it was written.
    譯詩時通常不太可能保持原詩的精義。
  31. The commander concentrated powerful forces on the left flank.
    司令員把強大兵力集中在左翼。
  32. The navy is one of the armed forces.
    海軍是武裝部隊之一。
  33. General Washington led his forces across the Hudson River.
    華盛頓總司令率領部隊渡過了哈得遜河。
  34. The Great Britain was a nation having strong air and sea forces.
    英國曾是一個擁有強大空軍和海軍的國家。
  35. Enemy forces has now built up to a dangerous strength.
    敵人的兵力目前已經發展到危險的程度。
  36. Eighty per cent of the labour force are in work.80%
    的勞動力有工作。
  37. The wind might whip up to Force 10 strength.
    大風可能增強到10級。
  38. We were frightened by the force 12 typhoon yesterday.
    昨天12級的臺風可把我們嚇壞了。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They forced the signing of the Treaty of Wangxia in July 1844.
    在1844年7月,他們強迫簽署了《望廈條約》。
  2. The thieves forced the lock of the safe.
    強盜們用暴力把保險箱的鎖撬開。
  3. He found the thieves were forcing the lock of the jewel case.
    他發現竊賊在撬珠寶盒上的鎖。
  4. They forced the Yellow River and thrust into the Dabie Mountains.
    他們強渡黃河,強行推進大別山。
  5. Our troops forced the enemy positions last night.
    我們部隊昨天晚上攻克了敵人陣地。
  6. He forced his voice.
    他提高了嗓門。
  7. The singer had to force her top tones.
    那位歌手必須用力唱出最高音。
  8. Though he was very angry, he forced a smile.
    盡管他很生氣,但還強裝笑臉。
  9. The singer's voice wasn't deep enough for the song; he had to force several low notes.
    這位歌手的嗓音唱這支歌不夠深沉,他只得硬憋出幾個低音。
  10. 1
  11. The safe was forced by the burglars.
    保險柜被竊賊強行打開。
  12. These plants have been forced so that they may be in flower by Christmas.
    這些植物已經過人工促長,到圣誕節就可能開花了。
  13. Love cannot be forced.
    愛情是不能強求的。
用作賓補動詞 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. She forced herself awake.
    她迫使自己不睡。
  2. Thieves shinned up a drainpipe and forced open the window.
    竊賊沿一根水管爬上去撬開窗戶。
  3. They forced open the door.
    他們破門而入。
  4. 1
  5. The window was forced open.
    窗子被強行打開了。
  6. The money box was forced open.
    錢箱被強行打開。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They forced the prime minister to resign.
    他們迫使首相辭職。
  2. The soldiers forced the prisoners to give up their arms.
    士兵迫使俘虜放下武器。
  3. I forced him to do it.
    我強迫他干的。
  4. They forced the enemy to fall back.
    他們迫使敵人退卻。
  5. He forced me to give him the money.
    他強迫我把錢給他。
  6. Nobody could force him to do what he thought was wrong.
    誰也不能強迫他做他認為是錯誤的事。
  7. She forced herself not to give way to her emotion.
    她竭力克制住自己的感情。
  8. But if circumstances force us to fight, we can fight to the finish.
    但是如果形勢迫使我們不得不打的話,我們是能夠一直打到底的。
  9. Don't force yourself to write when you have nothing to say.
    寫不出來時就不要硬寫。
  10. He forced himself to take a long nap.
    他強迫自己睡了一個長時間的午覺。
  11. Bad weather forced us to postpone our journey.
    惡劣的天氣迫使我們將行期推遲。
  12. Weekend gales forced him to change his plans.
    周末的大風迫使他改變計劃。
  13. His arguments forced them to admit he was right.
    他的論據迫使他們承認他是對的。
  14. 1
  15. She was forced to stop her speech.
    她被迫中止了講演。
  16. We were forced to think of another method.
    我們不得不另想辦法。
  17. The poor peasant was forced to sell his daughter to the landlord.
    那個貧苦的農民被迫把自己的女兒賣給地主。
  18. The enemy had been forced to accept their terms.
    敵人被迫接受了他們的條件。
  19. Once more the enemy was forced to lie low in the snow.
    敵人又一次被迫伏在雪地上。
  20. The prisoners were forced to work all day.
    囚犯們被迫整天勞動。
  21. They were forced to yield.
    他們被迫屈服了。
  22. He waited silently, and so I was forced to go on.
    他一聲不響地等著,結果我不得不往下說。
  23. They were forced to leave the town.
    他們被迫離開該鎮。
  24. The officer was forced to give orders to open fire at the crowd.
    軍官被迫命令向群眾開火。
  25. He drew on me, and I was forced to defend myself.
    他向我逼近,我被迫自衛。
  26. Faced with the evidence, the criminal was driven into a corner and forced to confess.
    在證據面前,罪犯無法抵賴,只得認罪。
  27. The army laid siege to the town until the hungry citizen were forced to yield.
    軍隊圍困著該城鎮,直到饑餓的市民屈服為止。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. In inky darkness, the men made a forced march of 140 li.
    在漆黑的夜晚,戰士們強行走了140里。
  2. A forced kindness deserves no thanks.
    勉強作出的好事不值得感謝。
  3. The Red Army then made a forced crossing of the Dadu River.
    這時紅軍強渡了大渡河。
  4. They made a forced landing near a small village.
    他們在一個小村子附近做了強行著陸。
v -ed as s-Compl.
  1. His laughter sounded forced.
    他的笑聲聽起來很不自然。

常用短語

用作名詞 (n.)
by force
    靠武力,強行 by violence
come into force
    開始生效 take effect
driving force
    推動力,驅動力 sb/sth whose influence stimulates others to act
force of habit
    習慣勢力 habitual force
in force
    大批地,大規模地 (of people) in large numbers
join forces
    (同…)聯合 combine with others for a common purpose
join the forces
    參軍 enlist in military service
put into force
    生效,開始執行 become effective or come into operation
    put sth into force

    It is easier to pass laws than to put them into force.

    通過法律容易,實施法律難。

use brute force
    使用蠻力 try to do sth merely by using force
用作動詞 (v.)
force along( v.+adv. )
    驅進; 力推; 逼迫 push forward
    force sb/sth along

    I was forced along, against my wish, by the crowd behind me.

    我不由自主被后面的人群推涌而前。

force back( v.+adv. )
    抑制,強忍 restrain sth
    force sth ? back

    He forced back the strong urge to stroke her.

    他抑制住自己想要撫摩她的強烈沖動。

force down1( v.+adv. )
    用力推下 push sth forcefully down
    force sth ? down

    After being ill I didn't feel like eating but I managed to force something down.

    我病后不想吃東西,不過還是勉強咽了一點。

force down2( v.+prep. )
    用力推下 push sth forcefully down
    force sth down sth

    We had to force the pipe down a narrow hole to get it through.

    我們必須把這根管子從那個狹窄的洞中捅下去。

force from( v.+prep. )
    從…強取(某物) get (sth) from (an unwilling person)
    force sth from sb

    They forced a confession from him.

    他們逼他招供。

    She pretended that she could not hear so that they would not force an answer from her.

    她假裝聽不見,這樣他們就不會強迫她回答了。

    The police tried to force the truth from the suspect.

    警察試圖迫使嫌疑犯說出真相。

force into( v.+prep. )
    強迫(某人)做(某事) push sb by force into sth
    force sth into sth

    I can't force the key into this lock; it won't fit.

    我不能把鑰匙插進鎖里,這把鑰匙開不了這把鎖。

    It's foolish to force your feet into a pair of shoes that are too small for you.

    硬要把腳穿進太小的鞋里去是愚蠢的。

    This water is forced into the boiler by the feed pump.

    用水泵將水壓入鍋爐。

    force sb/sth into sth/v-ing

    They forced him into a small boat.

    他們逼著他坐上一條小船。

    He forced me into bribery.

    他迫使我行賄。

    You will never force him into obedience.

    你永遠不能迫使他服從。

    They forced thousands of peasants into their reactionary armies.

    他們迫使成千上萬的農民參加他們的反動軍隊。

    They forced David into a small room.

    他們把戴維逼進一個小房間。

    This forced the British fighter planes into the air.

    這樣一來,英國戰斗機被迫起飛。

    They forced him into signing the paper.

    他們強迫他在文件上簽字。

    Circumstances forced him into stealing.

    環境迫使他偷竊。

    Their poverty forced their children into stealing.

    貧困逼迫他們的孩子去行竊。

    They forced the enemy into surrendering.

    他們迫使敵人投降了。

    They were forced into the battle at a place picked by our army.

    他們被迫在我軍選定的地方作戰。

    To save his honour, he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford.

    為了保住面子,他被迫買下了他不可能買得起的東西。

    He was forced into crime by circumstances.

    他為環境所迫而犯罪。

    The people of that country can never be forced into submission by the invaders.

    那個國家的人民決不會被迫向侵略者屈服。

    He was forced into accepting the task.

    他被迫接受這項任務。

    She was forced into leaving the country.

    她被迫離開那個國家。

force off( v.+prep. )
    迫使…離開 make (sb) leave (sth)
    force sb off sth

    They forced her off her homeland many years ago.

    許多年前他們迫使她離開了她的家鄉。

    We were forced off the road.

    我們被擠下公路。

force on〔onto, upon〕( v.+prep. )
    把…強加于… push sth unwanted by force on sb
    force sth on〔onto, upon〕 sb

    Parents are liable to force their ideas on their children.

    父母容易把他們的意見強加給子女。

    I tried to force my suggestion on them.

    我試圖讓他們接受我的建議。

    The teacher has no right to force his own views onto the children.

    老師沒有權利把自己的觀點強加給孩子們。

    The imperialists forced a series of unequal treaties upon China.

    帝國主義強加給中國一系列不平等條約。

    He didn't want to be paid, but we forced the money on him because we knew he needed it.

    他不要我們付錢,但我們還是硬塞給他,因為我們知道他需要錢。

    They didn't want the war. It was forced on them.

    他們不要戰爭,那是強加于他們的。

    The idea was forced upon us.

    那個意見是硬加在我們頭上的。

force out (v.+adv.)
    把…趕走,擠掉; 迫使…離開,屈服 make (sb) leave, yield, etc.
    force sth ? out

    Competition has forced out many small firms.

    競爭擠垮了許多小公司。

force out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
    從…強取(某物) get (sth) from (an unwilling person)
    force sb out of sth

    The owner forced the poor family out of the house when they could not pay the rent.

    當那個窮戶付不起房租時,房主便把他們趕出房門。

    Setbacks can be a good thing, forcing you out of your complacency.

    挫折或許是件好事,迫使你克服自滿情緒。

    Jim himself was forced out of office on June 29th.

    吉姆本人于6月29日被迫離職。

    He was forced out of his chairmanship.

    他被迫辭去他的主席職務。

    force sth out of sb

    We can force concessions out of him.

    我們可以迫使他讓步。

    They forced a confession out of him.

    他們迫使他招供。

force through (v.+prep.)
    強行通過 make sth pass by force
    force sth through sth

    The rider forced his horse on through the storm.

    騎手在暴風雨中策馬前進。

    The government forced the bill through parliament against fierce opposition.

    政府不顧激烈的反對,強行在議會上通過了這項議案。

force up (v.+adv.)
    迫使提高 make sth rise
    force sth ? up

    An inflation forces up the cost of living.

    通貨膨脹迫使生活費用飛漲。

    This forced the cost of living up considerably.

    這使生活費用大大上升。

    Prices have been forced up by poor crop.

    歉收使物價上漲。

詞匯搭配

用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 名詞+~ 介詞+~
用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • As soon as his recovered forces will justify the voyage and journey he will make the passage.

    出自:Daily News
  • She tried to force her mind to the contemplation of the new state of things.

    出自: D. H. Lawrence
  • He lay in bed until hunger forced him to rise.

    出自: R. H. Mottram
  • He was insistent and forced her against her will to get into his car.

    出自: W. C. Williams
  • Wit..larded with malice and malice forced with wit.

    出自:Troilus Cressida , Shakespeare

force的詳細講解:

詞語用法

n. (名詞)
  1. force用作名詞的基本意思是“力; 力量; 力氣”,是不可數名詞。引申可表示“控制力”“影響力; 效力”“說服力”等。
  2. force也可表示“武力,暴力”,為不可數名詞。
  3. force還可作“部隊; 武力; 兵力”解,這時常用復數形式forces作主語時,其謂語動詞則既可用復數形式也可用單數形式。
  4. force還可以用來表示“風力的等級”,這時采用“force+基數詞+wind”結構。
v. (動詞)
  1. force的基本意思是“迫使”“強行”,指使用權力、能量或力氣完成某事或制止反抗,賓語的動作常帶有不情愿的意味。引申可作“強力推開”“打碎”解。
  2. force還可表示通過增加溫度等促使植物早熟或加速生長。
  3. force是及物動詞,接名詞或代詞作賓語。常用于被動結構,意為“被迫; 不得不”。force還可接以動詞不定式或形容詞、副詞、介詞短語充當補足語的復合賓語。
  4. force的賓語后接介詞“into+ v -ing”表示“強迫某人做某事”; 賓語后接介詞on〔upon〕表示“把某事強加于某人”。
  5. force的過去分詞forced可用作形容詞,在句中用作定語,偶爾也可用作表語。
  1. force作為及物動詞,解釋為“強迫”,“迫使”。一般來說用force somebody to do something,而不是force somebody doing something,接不定式,而不是接動名詞。

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
by force, by force of
  • 兩者含義不同:by force意為“靠武力,強行”,而by force of的意思是“借…之力,依據,由于,通過”。例如:
  • They occupied by force the whole territory of the country.他們用武力侵占了該國的全部國土。
  • By sheer force of will, he fought the urge to interrupt the speaker.他完全憑意志力來控制自己想打斷演講人講話的沖動。
  • forces, army, military, troops
  • 這組詞的共同意思是“軍隊”“部隊”。其區別是:
  • army泛指“武裝部隊”時,語氣比較正式、莊重,它常指“陸軍”; military尤指“陸軍”,包括全體戰斗人員及工作人員,代表軍方區別于政府及其他各部門; forces是集合名詞,包括國家的各兵種的所有人員及武器裝備; troops較通俗,指部隊的全體成員,尤指“陸軍部隊”,有時專指包括各個較低級軍銜在內的隊伍,以區別于上級指揮官。例如:
  • They are determined to build up a modern army and navy.他們決心創建一支現代化的陸軍和海軍。
  • The military took control of the government in that country.在那個國家,軍方控制了政府。
  • The commander concentrated a powerful force on the left flank.司令員把強大兵力集中在左翼。
  • The navy is one of the armed forces.海軍是武裝部隊之一。
  • They massed well-equipped troops on the frontier.他們在邊境上集結了裝備精良的軍隊。
  • The troops were drawn up ready for inspection.部隊整好隊準備接受檢閱。
  • force, energy, might, power, strength, vigour
  • 這組詞的共同意思是“能”“能量”“精力”。其區別在于:
  • 1.energy在物理學定義中為“能”“能量”,用于生理學上指“精力”。
  • 2.power系一般用語,可指動力、思維能力等各種力量或能力。例如:
  • A car needs a lot of power to go fast.汽車高速行駛需要很大動力。
  • Every normal, healthy person has power to think.每一個正常、健康的人都有思維能力。
  • 3.strength指某人或某物所具有的內在力量,可指體力、力氣或抽象的力量。例如:
  • He hasn't got enough strength to get out of bed.他沒有足夠的力氣下床。
  • At last his strength gave out.他的體力終于不支了。
  • He has strength of character.他性格堅強。
  • Union is strength.團結就是力量。
  • 4.force指的是物質或精神力量,多指為做成某事而使用的力量,也常指武力。例如:
  • We had to use force to get into the house.我們不得不強行進屋。
  • Some of them forced their way into our office.他們中有些人強行進入我們的辦公室。
  • His arguments forced them to admit he was right.他的論據迫使他們承認他是對的。
  • The thief forced her to hand over the money.賊強迫她把錢交出來。
  • 5.might指“力量”“威力”“強權”“權勢”等,既可指人體的力量,也可指政治、軍事等的強大而產生的威力,其程度要比其他幾個詞強。例如:
  • The army fought bravely, but it was crushed by the might of its powerful enemy.軍隊勇敢地戰斗,但最終還是被敵人強大的勢力所摧垮。
  • They would have little chance to survive against our might.在我們的強大力量面前,他們幾乎無法繼續生存下去。
  • The work was so difficult that it was beyond my might.這項工作太難了,它超出了我的能力。
  • The competition is strong and we must study with all our might.競爭是強有力的,我們須盡全力地學習。
  • 6.vigour指生命產生的力量,常譯為“活力”。例如:
  • He is full of vigour.他充滿了活力。
  • v. (動詞)
    force, have to
  • 兩者都可表示“不得不”。其區別在于:force指主觀強迫,包括使用武力迫使某人做某事; 而have to強調由于客觀的原因而必須做某事。例如:
  • I have lost my key, so I'll have to force an entry.我丟了鑰匙,所以只好破門而入了。
  • force, make
  • 這兩個詞的共同意思是“迫使”。其區別在于:force所含“暴力威脅”的意味較強; make所含“暴力威脅”的意味較弱。另外, force若跟復合賓語,須接帶to的動詞不定式; make若跟復合賓語,須接不帶to的動詞不定式。例如:
  • She can't force me to do it.
  • 她不能迫使我做這件事。
  • She can't make me do it.
  • 她不能使我做這件事。
  • force, compel, constrain, oblige
  • 這組詞的共同意思是“強迫”,都常用于被動結構。其區別在于:
  • 1.compel指使用權力或各種手段迫使對方去做某事或處于某種狀態; force主要指用武力或強制的辦法去完成某事; constrain指由于受外界壓力或環境的影響,迫使某人做某事,也可指受良心、情感或饑餓等方面的內在力量驅使去做某事; oblige則往往是由于客觀原因促使某人做某事。例如:
  • When he was a young man, he was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons.早在青年時代,因為政治原因他被迫離開自己的祖國。
  • You cannot compel good work from unwilling students.你不能迫使不肯學習的學生學習好。
  • Cold weather constrained the plant's growth.寒冷的天氣抑制了植物的生長。
  • I should be obliged if you wouldn't say so.你如果不這樣說,我就感謝你了。
  • 2.compel和force的主語既可以是人,也可以是物; oblige則一般以人作主語。例如:
  • When confronted by such clear evidence, the Senator was forced to eat his words in public.面對如此明白的證據,參議員只得當眾收回前言。
  • Energy crisis compels fuel conservation.能源危機使人們必須節約燃料。
  • The police obliged him to leave.警方要他離開。
  • 3.在語氣上, compel和oblige較弱; 而force暴力威脅的含義較強。例如:
  • He was compelled to do it against his will.他不得不違心地做這件事。
  • The school regulations oblige us to be present at school on time.校規要求我們必須按時到校。
  • The enemy was forced to get back under our massive blows.在我方的沉重打擊下,敵軍被迫后退。
  • 下面兩個句子的意思相同:
  • The monopoly capitalists forced the work- ing people to sell their blood.
  • The monopoly capitalists forced the work- ing people into selling their blood.
  • 壟斷資本家強迫工人們去賣血。
  • 只是后者更強烈地表達了“強逼”這一概念。
  • compel,force,constrain,oblige
  • 這些動詞均含“迫使”之意。
  • compel指在法律、權力、力量或行動等的驅使下被迫而為。
  • force指用個人意志、權力、權威或暴力等,迫使他人改變看法或做本不愿做的事。
  • constrain側重施加約束力或有約束作用的影響,也指環境對人強加的影響迫使人去做某事,尤指受良心、情感等內在力量驅使去做某事。
  • oblige指由于生理上或道德上的需要,促使某人做某事,也指有權威的人或機構迫使某人做某事,還可指在特定情況下被迫作出的反應。
  • power,force,strength
  • 這組名詞都有力量的意思。
  • power指身體上、精神上或心理上的力量, 不管是表現出來的還是潛在的。
  • force指運用或發揮出來的力量,可以克服阻力,使人或物按要求方向運動。
  • strength指內部固有的力量,表示物質力量時,著重體格或構造健全、完善等方面的力量, 如體力強度等;表示精神力量時, 指持久、堅定、無畏、堅韌等。
  • 常見錯誤

    n. (名詞)
      這些規定仍然生效。

      These rules are still with force.

      These rules are still in force.

      “有效”“有作用”可說be in force, in 不能改成with。

      新憲法于1867年7月1日生效。

      The new constitution put into force on July 1,1867.

      The new constitution was put into force on July 1,1867.

      put into force作“使生效”解時,應以人作主語。如果物作主語,則使用被動結構。

      那個賊使用暴力把那個老人的錢搶走了。

      The thief took the money from the old man with force.

      The thief took the money from the old man by force.

      “強行,強迫,憑借暴力”,應該說by force,而不是 with force。

      我們班與他們班聯合舉辦一個舞會。

      Our class joined force with their class to hold a dancing party.

      Our class joined forces with their class to hold a dancing party.

      “與…聯合”,可說join forces with...,其中force必須用復數形式。

      那一拳之力把他打得暈頭轉向。

      The forces of the blow sent him reeling.

      The force of the blow sent him reeling.

      “力量”是不可數名詞,沒有復數形式。

      武裝部隊被召來鎮壓暴動。

      The armed force was called in to suppress the riot.

      The armed forces were called in to suppress the riot.

      force表示“軍隊,部隊”時通常用復數形式。

      鮑勃正在美國空軍服役。

      Bob is serving in the U.S. Air Army.

      Bob is serving in the U.S. Air Force.

      在英文里,陸、海、空三軍分別為:the Army, the Navy, the Air Force,所以誤句中的Army應改為Force。

    v. (動詞)
      那時老板強迫他一天工作十個小時。

      The boss forced him work 10 hours a day at that time.

      The boss forced him to work 10 hours a day at that time.

      家長們不要強迫子女聽從自己的建議。

      Parents shouldn't force their children take their advice.

      Parents shouldn't force their children to take their advice.

      “強迫某人做某事”可說force sb to do sth,用作賓語補足語的動詞不定式須帶to。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 1300年左右進入英語,直接源自古法語的force;最初源自后期拉丁語的fortia(fortis的中性復數名詞),意為強壯的軍隊。
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