- n. 武力；暴力；力量；影響力；力量大的人或（事物）；權力；（為某目的組織起來的）一群人；軍隊；部隊；武裝力量；警察部門；力；風力
- v. 迫使；強迫；強制；使發生；強裝（歡笑）；人工催長
- [U]力; 力量; 力氣 natural or bodily power; active strength
- [U]武力; 暴力 fierce or uncontrolled use of strength; violence
- [C]影響力; 效力 a person, thing, belief, action, etc., that has strong enough influence to cause widespread changes in a way of living, or that has uncontrollable power over living things
- [P]一群人; 部隊; 兵力 a group of people brought together or trained for some kind of action, especially military action
- vt. 強制,迫使,逼迫 make (an unwilling person) doing sth; drive
- vt. 施強力于; 強行促成 use physical force on
- vt. 強作,勉強作出 produce by unwilling effort; produce with difficulty or against nature
- vt. 促成早熟,促成生長 hasten the growth of (a plant) by the use of heat
a powerful effect or influence;
"the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
(physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;
"force equals mass times acceleration"
physical energy or intensity;
"he hit with all the force he could muster"
"it was destroyed by the strength of the gale"
"a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of a living man"
group of people willing to obey orders;
"a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens"
a unit that is part of some military service;
"he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men"
an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);
"he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do by force and violence in the short one"
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;
"the mysterious presence of an evil power"
"may the force be with you"
"the forces of evil"
a group of people having the power of effective action;
"he joined forces with a band of adventurers"
(of a law) having legal validity;
"the law is still in effect"
a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;
"the shortstop got the runner at second on a force"
to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :
"She forced him to take a job in the city"
"He squeezed her for information"
urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate
move with force,
"He pushed the table into a corner"
impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably;
"She forced her diet fads on him"
squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;
"I squeezed myself into the corner"
force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;
"She rammed her mind into focus"
"He drives me mad"
cause to move by pulling;
"draw a wagon"
"pull a sled"
do forcibly; exert force;
"Don't force it!"
take by force;
"Storm the fort"
- When persuasion failed they used force.
- We'll settle the problem by force if necessary.
- If you do not open the door, I am authorized to enter by use of force.
- It is vain to attempt to root out heresy by force.
- The force of his fall was broken by the straw mats.
- The force of the explosion broke all the windows in the building.
- The law should remain in force.
- She is a force to be reckoned with.
- These guidelines do not have the force of law.
- In 1939 Blitzkrieg defeated the Polish army, which had obsolete Cavalry instead of tanks and an obsolete Air Force.
- Air force units have been ordered to intensify their patrols.
- The armed forces usually consist of the army, the navy and the air force.
- He joined the force twenty years ago.
- The moon exerts a force on the earth.
- Trees break the force of the wind.
- Circumstances force us to adopt this policy.
- No power on earth could force me to do it .
- This will force a system shutdown, whether a user is logged in or not.
- Building a new road here will force house prices down.
- She managed to force a smile.
- It is unwise to force a child's talent.
- He didn't use much force.
- She lacks force.
- Push with as much force as you can.
- He was killed by the force of the blow.
- The police had to use force to hold back the crowd.
- We have renounced the use of force to settle our disputes.
- The force of the explosion broke off all the windows.
- The force of the wind closed the door.
- The force of Gravity makes things fall to earth.
- The force acting on the particle is constant.
- The force of an earthquake can be measured quite accurately.
- Modern wars let loose terrible force of destruction.
- Man is doomed to struggle against the brute force of nature.
- He overcame his bad habits by sheer force of will.
- This aroused creative forces in the popular masses.
- The Chinese ideographs are a unifying force in China.
- The force of public opinion is important.
- The Left and the Right have always been the principal political forces.
- The forces of evil attack us on all sides.
- Nationalism was rapidly becoming a dangerous force.
- The mother was very neat; her daughter learnt to be neat by force of example.
- That boy has been a great force for good in the school.
- She was a powerful force in the woman's movement.
- There is force in what he said.
- Your argument has great force.
- The force of his argument was so great that many people accepted his beliefs as truth.
- Decisions of the Congress have force of law.
- The force of some laws has to be tested in court.
- A poet must carefully weigh the force of each word he uses.
- It isn't always possible, when translating a poem, to keep the complete force of the language in which it was written.
- The commander concentrated powerful forces on the left flank.
- The navy is one of the armed forces.
- General Washington led his forces across the Hudson River.
- The Great Britain was a nation having strong air and sea forces.
- Enemy forces has now built up to a dangerous strength.
- Eighty per cent of the labour force are in work.80%
- The wind might whip up to Force 10 strength.
- We were frightened by the force 12 typhoon yesterday.
- They forced the signing of the Treaty of Wangxia in July 1844.
- The thieves forced the lock of the safe.
- He found the thieves were forcing the lock of the jewel case.
- They forced the Yellow River and thrust into the Dabie Mountains.
- Our troops forced the enemy positions last night.
- He forced his voice.
- The singer had to force her top tones.
- Though he was very angry, he forced a smile.
- The singer's voice wasn't deep enough for the song; he had to force several low notes.
- The safe was forced by the burglars.
- These plants have been forced so that they may be in flower by Christmas.
- Love cannot be forced.
- She forced herself awake.
- Thieves shinned up a drainpipe and forced open the window.
- They forced open the door.
- The window was forced open.
- The money box was forced open.
- They forced the prime minister to resign.
- The soldiers forced the prisoners to give up their arms.
- I forced him to do it.
- They forced the enemy to fall back.
- He forced me to give him the money.
- Nobody could force him to do what he thought was wrong.
- She forced herself not to give way to her emotion.
- But if circumstances force us to fight, we can fight to the finish.
- Don't force yourself to write when you have nothing to say.
- He forced himself to take a long nap.
- Bad weather forced us to postpone our journey.
- Weekend gales forced him to change his plans.
- His arguments forced them to admit he was right.
- She was forced to stop her speech.
- We were forced to think of another method.
- The poor peasant was forced to sell his daughter to the landlord.
- The enemy had been forced to accept their terms.
- Once more the enemy was forced to lie low in the snow.
- The prisoners were forced to work all day.
- They were forced to yield.
- He waited silently, and so I was forced to go on.
- They were forced to leave the town.
- The officer was forced to give orders to open fire at the crowd.
- He drew on me, and I was forced to defend myself.
- Faced with the evidence, the criminal was driven into a corner and forced to confess.
- The army laid siege to the town until the hungry citizen were forced to yield.
- In inky darkness, the men made a forced march of 140 li.
- A forced kindness deserves no thanks.
- The Red Army then made a forced crossing of the Dadu River.
- They made a forced landing near a small village.
- His laughter sounded forced.
- by force
靠武力,強行 by violence
- come into force
開始生效 take effect
- driving force
推動力,驅動力 sb/sth whose influence stimulates others to act
- force of habit
習慣勢力 habitual force
- in force
大批地,大規模地 (of people) in large numbers
- join forces
(同…)聯合 combine with others for a common purpose
- join the forces
參軍 enlist in military service
- put into force
生效,開始執行 become effective or come into operation
put sth into force
It is easier to pass laws than to put them into force.
- use brute force
使用蠻力 try to do sth merely by using force
- force along( v.+adv. )
驅進; 力推; 逼迫 push forward
force sb/sth along
I was forced along, against my wish, by the crowd behind me.
- force back( v.+adv. )
抑制,強忍 restrain sth
force sth ? back
He forced back the strong urge to stroke her.
- force down1( v.+adv. )
用力推下 push sth forcefully down
force sth ? down
After being ill I didn't feel like eating but I managed to force something down.
- force down2( v.+prep. )
用力推下 push sth forcefully down
force sth down sth
We had to force the pipe down a narrow hole to get it through.
- force from( v.+prep. )
從…強取(某物) get (sth) from (an unwilling person)
force sth from sb
They forced a confession from him.
She pretended that she could not hear so that they would not force an answer from her.
The police tried to force the truth from the suspect.
- force into( v.+prep. )
強迫(某人)做(某事) push sb by force into sth
force sth into sth
I can't force the key into this lock; it won't fit.
It's foolish to force your feet into a pair of shoes that are too small for you.
This water is forced into the boiler by the feed pump.
用水泵將水壓入鍋爐。force sb/sth into sth/v-ing
They forced him into a small boat.
He forced me into bribery.
You will never force him into obedience.
They forced thousands of peasants into their reactionary armies.
They forced David into a small room.
This forced the British fighter planes into the air.
They forced him into signing the paper.
Circumstances forced him into stealing.
Their poverty forced their children into stealing.
They forced the enemy into surrendering.
They were forced into the battle at a place picked by our army.
To save his honour, he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford.
He was forced into crime by circumstances.
The people of that country can never be forced into submission by the invaders.
He was forced into accepting the task.
She was forced into leaving the country.
- force off( v.+prep. )
迫使…離開 make (sb) leave (sth)
force sb off sth
They forced her off her homeland many years ago.
We were forced off the road.
- force on〔onto, upon〕( v.+prep. )
把…強加于… push sth unwanted by force on sb
force sth on〔onto, upon〕 sb
Parents are liable to force their ideas on their children.
I tried to force my suggestion on them.
The teacher has no right to force his own views onto the children.
The imperialists forced a series of unequal treaties upon China.
He didn't want to be paid, but we forced the money on him because we knew he needed it.
They didn't want the war. It was forced on them.
The idea was forced upon us.
- force out (v.+adv.)
把…趕走,擠掉; 迫使…離開,屈服 make (sb) leave, yield, etc.
force sth ? out
Competition has forced out many small firms.
- force out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
從…強取(某物) get (sth) from (an unwilling person)
force sb out of sth
The owner forced the poor family out of the house when they could not pay the rent.
Setbacks can be a good thing, forcing you out of your complacency.
Jim himself was forced out of office on June 29th.
He was forced out of his chairmanship.
他被迫辭去他的主席職務。force sth out of sb
We can force concessions out of him.
They forced a confession out of him.
- force through (v.+prep.)
強行通過 make sth pass by force
force sth through sth
The rider forced his horse on through the storm.
The government forced the bill through parliament against fierce opposition.
- force up (v.+adv.)
迫使提高 make sth rise
force sth ? up
An inflation forces up the cost of living.
This forced the cost of living up considerably.
Prices have been forced up by poor crop.
- break the force 減弱勢力
- come into force 開始生效,開始實行
- cut the forces 裁減軍隊
- develop a force 發展勢力
- enter into force 開始生效,開始實行
- gain force 增加力量
- gather force 增加力量
- give force to 使…更有力
- go into force (法律等)生效
- go out of force (法律等)廢止
- join a force 參軍,入伍
- meet force with force 以牙還牙
- put into force 實施
- remain in force 依然有效
- use force 使用武力
- armed forces 武裝力量,武裝部隊
- brutal force 暴力
- crushing force 破竹之勢,勢如破竹
- great force 強大的力量
- legalforce 法律效力
- mental force 精神力量
- natural force 自然的力量
- political force 政治力量
- powerful force 強大的勢力
- rival force 競爭力,對手
- social forces 各種社會勢力
- strong force 強大的力量
- by force of habit 由于習慣
- do sth by force 用暴力(或強迫手段)做某事
- throw with great force 用力扔
- write with force 寫得生動有力
- force northward 向北挺進
- force dramatically 出人意料地強行推開
- force financially 經濟上迫使
- force gradually 逐漸地打破
- force back 迫使后退
- force down 迫使下降,壓價
- force one's horse on 策馬前進
- force out 擠垮
- force sth through 強行通過
- force up 迫使上升
- force sth down a narrow hole 用力把某物從狹窄的孔眼里塞下去
- force sth from sb 迫使某人豁出…
- force tears from sb's eyes 使某人流淚
- force sb into doing sth 迫使某人做某事
- force one's way into the room 擠進房間
- force sb off the road 迫使某人離開那條道路
- force one's opinion on sb 把自己的觀點強加于某人
- force sb out of office 逼迫某人辭職
- force one's way through the crowd 擠過人群
- force sth upon sb 迫使某人接受某物
As soon as his recovered forces will justify the voyage and journey he will make the passage.出自：Daily News
She tried to force her mind to the contemplation of the new state of things.出自： D. H. Lawrence
He lay in bed until hunger forced him to rise.出自： R. H. Mottram
He was insistent and forced her against her will to get into his car.出自： W. C. Williams
Wit..larded with malice and malice forced with wit.出自：Troilus Cressida , Shakespeare
- force用作名詞的基本意思是“力; 力量; 力氣”,是不可數名詞。引申可表示“控制力”“影響力; 效力”“說服力”等。
- force還可作“部隊; 武力; 兵力”解,這時常用復數形式forces作主語時,其謂語動詞則既可用復數形式也可用單數形式。
- force是及物動詞,接名詞或代詞作賓語。常用于被動結構,意為“被迫; 不得不”。force還可接以動詞不定式或形容詞、副詞、介詞短語充當補足語的復合賓語。
- force的賓語后接介詞“into+ v -ing”表示“強迫某人做某事”; 賓語后接介詞on〔upon〕表示“把某事強加于某人”。
- force作為及物動詞，解釋為“強迫”，“迫使”。一般來說用force somebody to do something,而不是force somebody doing something,接不定式，而不是接動名詞。
- by force, by force of
- 兩者含義不同:by force意為“靠武力,強行”,而by force of的意思是“借…之力,依據,由于,通過”。例如:
- They occupied by force the whole territory of the country.他們用武力侵占了該國的全部國土。
- By sheer force of will, he fought the urge to interrupt the speaker.他完全憑意志力來控制自己想打斷演講人講話的沖動。
- forces, army, military, troops
- army泛指“武裝部隊”時,語氣比較正式、莊重,它常指“陸軍”; military尤指“陸軍”,包括全體戰斗人員及工作人員,代表軍方區別于政府及其他各部門; forces是集合名詞,包括國家的各兵種的所有人員及武器裝備; troops較通俗,指部隊的全體成員,尤指“陸軍部隊”,有時專指包括各個較低級軍銜在內的隊伍,以區別于上級指揮官。例如：
- They are determined to build up a modern army and navy.他們決心創建一支現代化的陸軍和海軍。
- The military took control of the government in that country.在那個國家,軍方控制了政府。
- The commander concentrated a powerful force on the left flank.司令員把強大兵力集中在左翼。
- The navy is one of the armed forces.海軍是武裝部隊之一。
- They massed well-equipped troops on the frontier.他們在邊境上集結了裝備精良的軍隊。
- The troops were drawn up ready for inspection.部隊整好隊準備接受檢閱。
- force, energy, might, power, strength, vigour
- A car needs a lot of power to go fast.汽車高速行駛需要很大動力。
- Every normal, healthy person has power to think.每一個正常、健康的人都有思維能力。
- He hasn't got enough strength to get out of bed.他沒有足夠的力氣下床。
- At last his strength gave out.他的體力終于不支了。
- He has strength of character.他性格堅強。
- Union is strength.團結就是力量。
- We had to use force to get into the house.我們不得不強行進屋。
- Some of them forced their way into our office.他們中有些人強行進入我們的辦公室。
- His arguments forced them to admit he was right.他的論據迫使他們承認他是對的。
- The thief forced her to hand over the money.賊強迫她把錢交出來。
- The army fought bravely, but it was crushed by the might of its powerful enemy.軍隊勇敢地戰斗,但最終還是被敵人強大的勢力所摧垮。
- They would have little chance to survive against our might.在我們的強大力量面前,他們幾乎無法繼續生存下去。
- The work was so difficult that it was beyond my might.這項工作太難了,它超出了我的能力。
- The competition is strong and we must study with all our might.競爭是強有力的,我們須盡全力地學習。
- He is full of vigour.他充滿了活力。
- force, have to
- 兩者都可表示“不得不”。其區別在于:force指主觀強迫,包括使用武力迫使某人做某事; 而have to強調由于客觀的原因而必須做某事。例如:
- I have lost my key, so I'll have to force an entry.我丟了鑰匙,所以只好破門而入了。
- force, make
- 這兩個詞的共同意思是“迫使”。其區別在于:force所含“暴力威脅”的意味較強; make所含“暴力威脅”的意味較弱。另外, force若跟復合賓語,須接帶to的動詞不定式; make若跟復合賓語,須接不帶to的動詞不定式。例如:
- She can't force me to do it.
- She can't make me do it.
- force, compel, constrain, oblige
- 1.compel指使用權力或各種手段迫使對方去做某事或處于某種狀態; force主要指用武力或強制的辦法去完成某事; constrain指由于受外界壓力或環境的影響,迫使某人做某事,也可指受良心、情感或饑餓等方面的內在力量驅使去做某事; oblige則往往是由于客觀原因促使某人做某事。例如:
- When he was a young man, he was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons.早在青年時代,因為政治原因他被迫離開自己的祖國。
- You cannot compel good work from unwilling students.你不能迫使不肯學習的學生學習好。
- Cold weather constrained the plant's growth.寒冷的天氣抑制了植物的生長。
- I should be obliged if you wouldn't say so.你如果不這樣說,我就感謝你了。
- 2.compel和force的主語既可以是人,也可以是物; oblige則一般以人作主語。例如:
- When confronted by such clear evidence, the Senator was forced to eat his words in public.面對如此明白的證據,參議員只得當眾收回前言。
- Energy crisis compels fuel conservation.能源危機使人們必須節約燃料。
- The police obliged him to leave.警方要他離開。
- 3.在語氣上, compel和oblige較弱; 而force暴力威脅的含義較強。例如:
- He was compelled to do it against his will.他不得不違心地做這件事。
- The school regulations oblige us to be present at school on time.校規要求我們必須按時到校。
- The enemy was forced to get back under our massive blows.在我方的沉重打擊下,敵軍被迫后退。
- The monopoly capitalists forced the work- ing people to sell their blood.
- The monopoly capitalists forced the work- ing people into selling their blood.
- power指身體上、精神上或心理上的力量, 不管是表現出來的還是潛在的。
- strength指內部固有的力量，表示物質力量時，著重體格或構造健全、完善等方面的力量, 如體力強度等；表示精神力量時, 指持久、堅定、無畏、堅韌等。
誤 These rules are still with force.
正 These rules are still in force.
析 “有效”“有作用”可說be in force, in 不能改成with。新憲法于1867年7月1日生效。
誤 The new constitution put into force on July 1,1867.
正 The new constitution was put into force on July 1,1867.
析 put into force作“使生效”解時,應以人作主語。如果物作主語,則使用被動結構。那個賊使用暴力把那個老人的錢搶走了。
誤 The thief took the money from the old man with force.
正 The thief took the money from the old man by force.
析 “強行,強迫,憑借暴力”,應該說by force,而不是 with force。我們班與他們班聯合舉辦一個舞會。
誤 Our class joined force with their class to hold a dancing party.
正 Our class joined forces with their class to hold a dancing party.
析 “與…聯合”,可說join forces with...,其中force必須用復數形式。那一拳之力把他打得暈頭轉向。
誤 The forces of the blow sent him reeling.
正 The force of the blow sent him reeling.
誤 The armed force was called in to suppress the riot.
正 The armed forces were called in to suppress the riot.
誤 Bob is serving in the U.S. Air Army.
正 Bob is serving in the U.S. Air Force.
析 在英文里,陸、海、空三軍分別為:the Army, the Navy, the Air Force,所以誤句中的Army應改為Force。
誤 The boss forced him work 10 hours a day at that time.
正 The boss forced him to work 10 hours a day at that time.家長們不要強迫子女聽從自己的建議。
誤 Parents shouldn't force their children take their advice.
正 Parents shouldn't force their children to take their advice.
析 “強迫某人做某事”可說force sb to do sth,用作賓語補足語的動詞不定式須帶to。
- ☆ 1300年左右進入英語，直接源自古法語的force；最初源自后期拉丁語的fortia(fortis的中性復數名詞），意為強壯的軍隊。