rather

  基本詞匯  
['rɑ?e?(r)]     ['r?e?r]    
  • adv. 相當;寧愿;有點兒
  • int. <英口> 好呀
new

rather的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

adv. (副詞)
  1. 相當,頗
  2. 寧愿,寧可,更喜歡
  3. 更確切地講,更準確地說
  4. 有點兒,稍微
  5. 而不是
  6. 反而,相反,倒不如
  7. <英>確是如此,當然
  8. 在某種程度上
n. (名詞)
  1. 選擇

雙解釋義

adv. (副詞)
  1. 在一定程度上,頗 to a certain extent; fairly
  2. 或多或少 to a moderate extent; quite

英英釋義

Adverb:
  1. on the contrary;

    "rather than disappoint the children, he did two quick tricks before he left"
    "he didn't call; rather (or instead), he wrote her a letter"
    "used English terms instead of Latin ones"

  2. to some (great or small) extent;

    "it was rather cold"
    "the party was rather nice"
    "the knife is rather dull"
    "I rather regret that I cannot attend"
    "He's rather good at playing the cello"
    "he is kind of shy"

  3. more readily or willingly;

    "clean it well, preferably with warm water"
    "I'd rather be in Philadelphia"
    "I'd sooner die than give up"

  4. to a degree (not used with a negative);

    "quite tasty"
    "quite soon"
    "quite ill"
    "quite rich"

rather的用法和樣例:

例句

用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. Poultry is rather cheap now.
    現在的禽肉相當便宜。
  2. I would rather stay at home.
    我寧可呆在家里。
  3. I would rather fail than cheat in the examination.
    我寧愿考不及格,也不愿意考試作弊。
  4. These shoes are rather too big.
    這雙鞋有點太大了。

常見句型

用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. This book is rather too easy for this boy.
    這本書對于這個孩子來說太簡單。
  2. I reckon that he is rather too old to marry again.
    我認為他的年齡太大,不太適于再結婚。
  3. I have a rather bad cold.
    我得了重感冒。
  4. He is driving rather fast.
    他車子開得相當快。
  5. This restaurant is rather more expensive than that.
    這家餐廳的收費比那家貴得多。
  6. I rather thought he'd stay here.
    我認為他應該留在這兒。
  7. I was rather surprised at her behaviour.
    我對她的行為感到十分驚奇。
  8. That's rather the impression I wanted to give.
    那正是我要給人們的印象。
  9. That's rather a nuisance.
    那簡直討厭極了。
  10. She's got a rather good voice.
    她的嗓子不錯。
  11. We've been having the rather cold weather.
    近日來天氣相當冷。

常用短語

用作副詞 (adv.)
but rather
    〈正〉相反地oppositely
or rather
    〈正〉更確實地,更確切地說more truly; more accurately
rather than
    寧可,寧愿more willingly
    \u002e\u002e\u002erather than\u002e\u002e\u002e

    We'll have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the auditorium.

    我們與其在教室里開會,不如在禮堂開會。

    They thus increased their annual grain production rather than diminished it.

    他們這樣增加了而不是減少了糧食年產量。

    rather than v-ing

    Rather than being punished, he should be rewarded.

    他該受獎勵而不應該受懲罰。

    rather than to-/ v

    Rather than travel by air,I'd prefer to travel a week on a big liner.

    我寧愿乘大船走一個星期,也不愿意乘飛機旅行。

would〔had〕 rather
    寧愿,寧可more willingly
    would〔had〕 rather\u002e\u002e\u002ethan\u002e\u002e\u002e

    I'd rather play football than play basketball.

    我寧愿踢足球而不想打籃球。

    I would rather have the small one than the big one.

    我寧愿要小的,不要大的。

    would〔had〕 rather to-/ v

    I would〔had〕 rather go out tonight, if you don't mind.

    如果你不介意的話,我寧愿今晚出去。

    He would rather sacrifice his life than see damage done to state property.

    他寧可犧牲自己的生命,也不肯看到國家財產受到損失。

    would〔had〕 rather (that)-clause

    We had rather the matter were not made public.

    我們寧愿這事不公開。

詞匯搭配

經典引文

  • When Duncan is asleepsWhereto the rather shall his day's hard journey Soundly invite him.

    出自:Macbeth , Shakespeare
  • Dry weather may cause them come..rather.

    出自: C. Butler

rather的詳細講解:

詞語用法

adv. (副詞)
  1. rather是程度副詞,用來修飾原級或比較級形容詞和副詞、動詞、分詞或單數名詞,意思是“有些”“相當”“多少地”,常用于負面含意。rather可和too連用,作程度狀語,但此時不可以修飾比較級。
  2. rather用以減弱而不是加強其后所跟的詞或詞組的作用,如拒絕別人請求幫助時,顯得比較客氣,又如為了謙虛,可用這詞使自己在引人注目的場面表現得樂而不狂。
  3. rather一般放在不定冠詞前面,名詞前有形容詞時,也可放在不定冠詞后面。
  1. rather than和more...than的比較:前者表示“與其……倒不如……”,后者表示“更……比起……”,注意詞組more...than中的than前面不可以加上rather。

    He depends on you rather than on me.
    他依賴你勝過依賴我。

  2. rather加形容詞再加名詞的結構中,冠詞a置于rather前后都可以,如a rather big dog和rather a big dog(一只相當大的狗)兩種表達都可以;
  3. had rather屬于習慣用語,表示“寧愿,寧可”,主語短語中必須用had,不可以改成have,且一般其后面接不含to的不定式。

    I had rather stay with John than with Charles.
    比起查爾斯我寧可和約翰呆一起。

  4. had/would rather后一般接不含that所引導的從句,且從句用虛擬語氣。had/would rather后還可接than,再加不含to的不定式,還要注意would rather后只可接動詞原形。

    I would/had rather you paid me now.
    我寧愿你現在付錢給我。

    I would rather stay here than go on holiday.
    我寧愿呆在這里,也不愿意去度假。

  5. prefer to...rather than...表示“比起……更喜歡……做某事”,注意結構中than后直接加動詞原形,而不是不定式to do。

    I prefer to work rather than remian idle.
    比起無所事事,我更喜歡工作。

  6. fairly,quite,rather以及pretty的比較:四個詞均屬于程度副詞。Fairly一般修飾形容詞與副詞,表示很一般的程度。 quite一般修飾動詞和名詞,表示的程度要比fairly深一點。 rather一般修飾動詞(尤其時感觀動詞)和名詞,表示的程度比quite要更強烈一點,意為“比預期的還要多一些”。 pretty是非正式用語,修飾形容詞與副詞,表示的程度與rather相當。

    “How was the film?”
    “Fairly good. Not the best one I’ve seen this year.”

    “How was the film?”
    “Quite good. You ought to go.”

    “How was the film?”
    “Rather good. I was surprised.”

    “How’s things?”
    “Pretty good. You OK?”

詞義辨析

adv. (副詞)
rather, fairly
  • 這兩個詞的共同意思是“相當”。其區別在于:
  • 1.fairly主要用來修飾含有“好”的意思的形容詞或副詞,如good, well, attractive等; 而rather主要用來修飾含有“不好”的意思的形容詞或副詞,如bad, foolish, ugly等。例如:
  • The red shirt fits you fairly well.這件紅色襯衣挺適合你穿。
  • 2.如果被修飾的形容詞或副詞是中性的,如fair, cold, hot等,用fairly表示“贊同,贊賞”; 而用rather則表示“反對,不喜歡”。試比較:
  • 今天天氣相當冷。
  • It is fairly cold today.(表示滿意)
  • It is rather cold today.(表示不滿意)
  • 3.不定冠詞可以放在rather之前或之后,但只能放在fairly之前。例如:
  • He is rather a stupid man.他是個相當蠢的人。
  • It is a rather good film.這是部很好的電影。
  • She is a fairly clever girl.她是個很聰明的女孩。
  • 4.rather可以用在alike, like, similar, different等詞和形容詞比較級前,意思是“有點”; 而fairly不能這樣用。例如:
  • The two brothers are rather alike.這兩兄弟長得有點像。
  • 5.當rather用來修飾含有“好”的意思的形容詞或副詞時,意思接近very,在語氣上比fairly強。
  • 6.rather可以放在like, enjoy, love, respect等動詞前,表示一種出乎意料的喜歡,或用來加強語氣; 而fairly不能這樣用。例如:
  • He rather liked walking in the rain.他竟喜歡走在雨中。
  • rather than, better than
  • rather than強調通過選擇而喜歡某物或情愿采取某行動; better than強調比較,不強調主觀愿望或選擇。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的hraor,意為更迅速的,更早的。
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