refereeing

  常用詞匯  
[?ref?'ri?]     [?ref?'ri?]    
  • n. 裁判員;仲裁人;鑒定人;證明人
  • v. 裁判;仲裁
refereed refereed refereeing referees
new

referee的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. 鑒定人
  2. 裁判員,發令裁判,正裁判,裁判長
  3. 仲裁人,調停人,調解人
  4. <主英>審閱人
  5. 公斷人,公正人
  6. 【律】審查人
  7. <英>介紹人,推薦人
  8. <主英>專家
v. (動詞)
  1. (為...)擔任裁判,擔任仲裁
  2. 解決
  3. 仲裁,調停,裁判
  4. 審閱,鑒定(專業性強的文章)

雙解釋義

n. (名詞)
  1. [C]裁判員 a judge in charge of some games
  2. [C]證明人;咨詢人;介紹人;推薦人 a person who provides such information
  3. [C]公斷人,仲裁人 a person who is asked to settle a disagreement
v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 當裁判 act as referee for (a game)

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. (sports) the chief official (as in boxing or American football) who is expected to ensure fair play

  2. someone who reads manuscripts and judges their suitability for publication

  3. an attorney appointed by a court to investigate and report on a case

Verb:
  1. be a referee or umpire in a sports competition

  2. evaluate professionally a colleague's work

referee的用法和樣例:

例句

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. The referee whistled and the game began.
    裁判哨子一響,比賽開始了。
  2. Does the referee have the power to send him off the field?
    裁判員有權勒令他退場嗎?
  3. He was booked by the referee for foul play.
    他因為動作犯規而被裁判記下姓名。
  4. At the end of each match, players must maintain the final screens and receive confirmation from a referee.
    在每個比賽結束的時候,運動員一定維持最后的熒屏而且受到來自一個仲裁人的證實。
  5. The head teacher often acts as (a) referee for his pupils.
    這位校長常為求職學生做證明人。
用作動詞 (v.)
  1. Who's going to referee the basketball match?
    誰將擔任這場籃球賽的裁判?
  2. The world's supposedly independent nuclear referee, in short, is stumped for the present.
    總之,目前,設想中的全球獨立核仲裁者還只能蹣跚而行。
  3. For some research purposes and possibly for referee work, analyzed primary standards may be obtained from the U.S. Bureau of Standards.
    對于某些研究工作和仲裁工作,可以從美國標準局獲得經過分析的一級標準物。

常見句型

用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Sometimes they acted as referees.
    有時他們擔任裁判員。
  2. The referee declared the game to be a tie.
    裁判員宣布比賽不分勝負。
  3. The referee blew a whistle at the end of the game.
    裁判在比賽結束時吹響了哨子。
  4. The referee refused to allow the goal.
    裁判不承認這次進球。
  5. The referee scored five points for him.
    裁判判給他五分。
  6. The referee made an unfair decision.
    裁判作出了不公正的判決。
  7. The referee started counting.
    裁判員開始數數。
  8. The referee's decision was contested by the loser.
    負方對裁判的裁決有異議。
  9. As the referee counted,the boxer rallied and got to his feet.
    裁判在數點的時候,那位拳擊手恢復了體力,站了起來。
用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. Who is going to referee?
    誰將出任裁判?
用作及物動詞 S+ ~+n./pron.
  1. Who refereed the final?
    那場決賽誰是裁判?

詞匯搭配

經典引文

  • The referee's main aim will be to achieve an agreed settlement through conciliation.

    出自:Accountancy

referee的詳細講解:

詞義辨析

n. (名詞)
referee, arbiter, arbitrator, judge, umpire
  • 這組詞都可指在觀點發生沖突或分歧的情況下,有權或授權作出裁決的人。其區別是:
  • judge的本義指主持法院工作并聽取證詞,對案件作出判決的法官。廣義上講, judge可指鑒定人。arbitrator和arbiter均可指從爭議雙方推舉出來解決分歧的仲裁者或公斷人,但arbitrator更為常見。arbitrator通常單獨或與人合作來裁決(尤指勞工方面的)糾紛,而arbiter(書面語)常指沒有權威或官職而靠自己的權威對非法律問題(如時裝、文學等)作出決斷或提出樂意遵從的準則的人。例如:
  • Dress designers, not dress-makers, are the arbiters of women's fashions.由服裝設計師而不是縫衣匠來判定女裝的流行款式。
  • referee和umpire均含有arbitrator(仲裁者、公斷人)的含義。在此意義上, referee適用于在技術方面為處理特殊訴訟案件而由官方指定的仲裁人; 而umpire是指在重要或錯綜復雜的論點中,當雙方公斷人發生意見沖突或僵持不下時,出面進行最終裁決的人。此外,兩詞還常用于體育方面,指那些被指定實施比賽規則、排解糾紛的裁判員。此時的referee指籃球、臺球、拳擊、足球、曲棍球等比賽的裁判; 而umpire常指在網球、羽毛球、乒乓球、排球、游泳等比賽中充當裁判的人員。此外,乒乓球和網球的裁判有時也稱judge。
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