- vt. 把 ... 提交；把 ... 歸因；歸類
- vi. 參考；談及；咨詢
- vi. & vt. 提到; 針對 mention or speak about ; concern; be directed towards or be relevant to
- vi. 參考; 查閱 look at for information
- vt. 送交; 提交 hand over; submit
- vt. 歸于 point to as the source or origin of
make reference to;
"His name was mentioned in connection with the invention"
be relevant to;
"There were lots of questions referring to her talk"
"My remark pertained to your earlier comments"
think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another;
"This plant can be referred to a known species"
send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision;
"refer a patient to a specialist"
"refer a bill to a committee"
seek information from;
"You should consult the dictionary"
"refer to your notes"
have as a meaning;
"`multi-' denotes `many' "
use a name to designate;
"Christians refer to the mother of Jesus as the Virgin Mary"
- We referred the proposal to the board of directors.
- You should refer this matter to the head office for a decision.
- He referred all his troubles to bad luck.
- Botanists refer this flower to the rose family.
- You can refer to a dictionary if necessary.
- The speaker often referred to his notes.
- Don't refer to this matter again please.
- She referred to the subject several times during her speech.
- Refer to the Manager if confusion arises.
- refer back (v.+adv.)
轉回; 擱置 send back; lay aside
refer sth ? back
The question was referred back.
The decision must be referred back, as there is now fresh information to be considered.
- refer back to (v.+adv.+prep.)
重新提及; 查閱; 使記起或想起 mention sth again; remind (sb) of (sth already seen, spoken, or known)
refer sth back to sth
We referred the matter back to the Finance Committee.
The shop referred the complaint back to the makers of the article.
商店把投訴轉給了商品制造廠家。refer back to sth
I would like to refer back to the first of my three points.
We must refer back to the first letter we received from that firm.
No referring back to books and notes!
不準看書和筆記!refer sb back to sth
May I refer you back to my earlier remarks on this subject?
- refer to (v.+prep.)
為…而向…提及 speak about sth for sth
refer to sb/sth
Many teachers talk at length about educational principles without once referring to a real child.
Don't refer to the matter again.
No one referred to yesterday's quarrel.
The speaker referred to the past to make his point.
It was unwise in your speech to refer to rising unemployment.
你在發言中提到失業人數的增長是不明智的。refer to sb/sth
Does your remark refer to all of us?
When I said some people were stupid I wasn't referring to you.
We referred to the U.S. Cabinet as of Sept.1,1958.
我們指的是1958年9月1日當時的美國內閣。refer to sb/sth
The regulations refer only to children.
The new law does not refer to land used for farming.
那條新法律并不涉及農業用地。refer sb/sth to sb/sth
For further particulars I refer you to my secretary.
If he gives any more trouble you refer him to me.
He referred the case to the High Court.
The members referred the question to the committee, as they were unable to reach a decision.
I was referred to the manager.
The dispute was referred to the United Nations.
這場爭執已提交聯合國處理。refer to sth
If you don't know the exact meaning of the word, you may refer to the dictionary.
Refer to the dictionary when you don't know how to spell a word.
By referring to his notes, the speaker was able to give the exact details required.
I referred to my watch for the exact time.
我看了一下手表好知道準確時間。refer sb to sth
The asterisk refers the reader to a footnote.
星號是讓讀者參看腳注。refer sth to sth
Some people refer all the troubles to bad luck instead of lack of ability.
Many successful businessmen refer their success to hard work and good judgement.
The invention of the compass was referred to China.
This style of music is generally referred to the 18th century.
這種音樂風格通常屬于18世紀。refer oneself to sb
He never refers himself to us when he has difficulties.
當他有困難時,從不求助于我們。refer to sb for sth
He referred to me for information.
The minister often refers to his connoisseurs and other experts for necessary information.
- refer to...as
把…稱為; 認為…是 regard sb/sth as what sb/sth is
refer to sb/sth as n\u002e
The children used to refer to that old teacher as Grandpa.
Don't refer to your sister as a silly pig.
On all occasions he referred to us as lads.
They referred to this kind of art as minimal art.
The scientist referred to the discovery as the most exciting new development in this field.
English is referred to as a universal language.
Coal is often referred to as food for industry.
A ship is sometimes referred to as “she”.
All these are referred to as animals.
California is referred to as the Golden State.
Accounting principles are also referred to as standards.
A portion of the waves is there reflected from the object encountered and forms what is referred to as the echo signal.
It seems impossible to refer all these well-attested stories to imposition.出自： M. R. Mitford
- refer無論作不及物動詞還是及物動詞一般都須與介詞to搭配。refer to表示“查閱,參考”“提到,提及”“對…而言,適用于”; refer...to則表示“把…提交給…”“把…歸功于…”“把…稱作…”。
- 在refer...to結構中, refer可接名詞或代詞作賓語,可用于被動結構。refer to還可接以as短語充當賓語補足語的復合賓語,意思是“把…稱為”“認為…是…”?？捎糜诒粍咏Y構。
refer to 意思為“提及”，“參考”等，不論是及物還是不及物，其后的介詞to都不能省略。
She referred me to the dictionary.
She referred to the dictionary.
- refer, advert, allude
- allude指間接提到或略微一提; advert指漫不經心地提及; refer指直接、明確地提到。
- refer, ascribe, attribute, impute
- 1.attribute和ascribe既可用于積極意義,也可用于消極意義; 而impute則主要用于壞的方面,常表示“歸罪于或嫁禍于…”。
- 3.attribute強調客觀性; ascribe則表示主觀臆斷。
誤 Who were you referring when you said some people were stupid?
正 Who were you referring to when you said some people were stupid?司令員提到了戰爭時期的經歷。
誤 The commander referred his experience during the war.
正 The commander referred to his experience during the war.委員會成員之間的糾紛都提交主席去解決。
誤 The dispute between the committee members is referred the chairman.
正 The dispute between the committee members is referred to the chairman.
誤 She never refers to others when she has difficulties.
正 She never refers herself to others when she has difficulties.
析 表示“求助于…”應說refer oneself to, refer用作及物動詞,通常接oneself作賓語。他向我們打聽消息。
誤 He referred us for information.
正 He referred to us for information.
析 refer to sb for sth 意思是“為某事而向某人提及”,亦即“向某人詢問或打聽某事”,其中to不可缺少。
- ☆ 14世紀晚期進入英語，直接源自古法語的referer；最初源自拉丁語的referre，意為拿回，帶回。