refers

  基本詞匯  
[r?'f??(r)]     [r?'f??r]    
  • vt. 把 ... 提交;把 ... 歸因;歸類
  • vi. 參考;談及;咨詢
referable referral referred referred referring refers
new

refer的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 認為
  2. 借助
  3. 參看,查看,參考
  4. 引證,引用
  5. 翻閱,查閱,查詢
  6. 把...提交,交付,送交
  7. 委托,付托
  8. 有關系
  9. 叫...去打聽
  10. 叫某人參看、查詢
  11. 把…歸因(于)認為…起源(于)
  12. 把…歸類(于)把…歸屬(于)
  13. 指點,使求助于
  14. 論及,談到,談及,提及,提到,說到
  15. 涉及,有關
  16. 針對
  17. 關系到
  18. 適用于…
  19. 請教,求助

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vi. & vt. 提到; 針對 mention or speak about ; concern; be directed towards or be relevant to
  2. vi. 參考; 查閱 look at for information
  3. vt. 送交; 提交 hand over; submit
  4. vt. 歸于 point to as the source or origin of

英英釋義

Verb:
  1. make reference to;

    "His name was mentioned in connection with the invention"

  2. be relevant to;

    "There were lots of questions referring to her talk"
    "My remark pertained to your earlier comments"

  3. think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another;

    "This plant can be referred to a known species"

  4. send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision;

    "refer a patient to a specialist"
    "refer a bill to a committee"

  5. seek information from;

    "You should consult the dictionary"
    "refer to your notes"

  6. have as a meaning;

    "`multi-' denotes `many' "

  7. use a name to designate;

    "Christians refer to the mother of Jesus as the Virgin Mary"

refer的用法和樣例:

例句

用作及物動詞 (vt.)
  1. We referred the proposal to the board of directors.
    我們把這一建議提交董事會處理。
  2. You should refer this matter to the head office for a decision.
    你應當把這事提交總部去決定。
  3. He referred all his troubles to bad luck.
    他將他的一切麻煩都歸因于運氣不好。
  4. Botanists refer this flower to the rose family.
    植物學家將這花歸入薔薇科。
用作不及物動詞 (vi.)
  1. You can refer to a dictionary if necessary.
    如果有必要,你可以參考字典。
  2. The speaker often referred to his notes.
    那位演講者一再參考他的講稿。
  3. Don't refer to this matter again please.
    請不要再提這件事了。
  4. She referred to the subject several times during her speech.
    在她的演講中多次提到這個學科。
  5. Refer to the Manager if confusion arises.
    如有不清楚的地方,就咨詢經理。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
refer back (v.+adv.)
    轉回; 擱置 send back; lay aside
    refer sth ? back

    The question was referred back.

    該問題被擱置。

    The decision must be referred back, as there is now fresh information to be considered.

    這項決定必須再次提交審議,因為現在有新的情況要考慮。

refer back to (v.+adv.+prep.)
    重新提及; 查閱; 使記起或想起 mention sth again; remind (sb) of (sth already seen, spoken, or known)
    refer sth back to sth

    We referred the matter back to the Finance Committee.

    我們把這事轉回給財政委員會處理。

    The shop referred the complaint back to the makers of the article.

    商店把投訴轉給了商品制造廠家。

    refer back to sth

    I would like to refer back to the first of my three points.

    我想重新提一下前面談到的三點中的第一點。

    We must refer back to the first letter we received from that firm.

    我們必須回頭查閱那家公司發給我們的第一封信。

    No referring back to books and notes!

    不準看書和筆記!

    refer sb back to sth

    May I refer you back to my earlier remarks on this subject?

    能否讓我向你重提一下我在這個問題上先前講過的話?

refer to (v.+prep.)
    為…而向…提及 speak about sth for sth
    refer to sb/sth

    Many teachers talk at length about educational principles without once referring to a real child.

    許多老師滔滔不絕地談論教學原則,卻不提及一個實實在在的學生。

    Don't refer to the matter again.

    不要再提這件事了。

    No one referred to yesterday's quarrel.

    誰也沒有提昨天吵架的事。

    The speaker referred to the past to make his point.

    發言人談到了過去來證明自己的觀點。

    It was unwise in your speech to refer to rising unemployment.

    你在發言中提到失業人數的增長是不明智的。

    refer to sb/sth

    Does your remark refer to all of us?

    你的評論是針對我們所有的人嗎?

    When I said some people were stupid I wasn't referring to you.

    當我說有些人很蠢這句話的時候,我指的不是你。

    We referred to the U.S. Cabinet as of Sept.1,1958.

    我們指的是1958年9月1日當時的美國內閣。

    refer to sb/sth

    The regulations refer only to children.

    這些規定只適用于兒童。

    The new law does not refer to land used for farming.

    那條新法律并不涉及農業用地。

    refer sb/sth to sb/sth

    For further particulars I refer you to my secretary.

    詳情請問我的秘書。

    If he gives any more trouble you refer him to me.

    如果他再找麻煩,叫他來找我。

    He referred the case to the High Court.

    他把案子提交給高級法院處理。

    The members referred the question to the committee, as they were unable to reach a decision.

    成員們把這個問題交給委員會處理,因為他們無法形成決議。

    I was referred to the manager.

    我被吩咐去和經理接洽。

    The dispute was referred to the United Nations.

    這場爭執已提交聯合國處理。

    refer to sth

    If you don't know the exact meaning of the word, you may refer to the dictionary.

    如果你不知道那個詞的確切含義,可查閱詞典。

    Refer to the dictionary when you don't know how to spell a word.

    當你不知道怎么拼寫一個詞時,查閱一下詞典。

    By referring to his notes, the speaker was able to give the exact details required.

    翻閱了一下他的筆記,發言人能夠把所要求的精確的細節講述出來。

    I referred to my watch for the exact time.

    我看了一下手表好知道準確時間。

    refer sb to sth

    The asterisk refers the reader to a footnote.

    星號是讓讀者參看腳注。

    refer sth to sth

    Some people refer all the troubles to bad luck instead of lack of ability.

    有些人把自己所有的苦惱都歸咎于運氣不佳,而不認為是缺乏能力。

    Many successful businessmen refer their success to hard work and good judgement.

    許多成功的商人把自己的成功歸功于自己的辛勤勞動和正確的判斷。

    The invention of the compass was referred to China.

    指南針是中國發明的。

    This style of music is generally referred to the 18th century.

    這種音樂風格通常屬于18世紀。

    refer oneself to sb

    He never refers himself to us when he has difficulties.

    當他有困難時,從不求助于我們。

    refer to sb for sth

    He referred to me for information.

    他向我打聽消息。

    The minister often refers to his connoisseurs and other experts for necessary information.

    部長經常向他手下的行家和其他專家詢問必要的信息。

refer to...as
    把…稱為; 認為…是 regard sb/sth as what sb/sth is
    refer to sb/sth as n\u002e

    The children used to refer to that old teacher as Grandpa.

    孩子們通常稱這位老教師為爺爺。

    Don't refer to your sister as a silly pig.

    別把你妹妹叫笨豬。

    On all occasions he referred to us as lads.

    在一切場合他都管我們叫小伙子們。

    They referred to this kind of art as minimal art.

    他們把這種藝術叫做微型藝術。

    The scientist referred to the discovery as the most exciting new development in this field.

    這位科學家提到這一發現時,說這是這個領域中最令人興奮的新發展。

    English is referred to as a universal language.

    英語被稱為世界語言。

    Coal is often referred to as food for industry.

    煤通常被稱作工業的糧食。

    A ship is sometimes referred to as “she”.

    有時候用“她”來稱呼船。

    All these are referred to as animals.

    這些都叫做動物。

    California is referred to as the Golden State.

    加利福尼亞州被稱為黃金之州。

    Accounting principles are also referred to as standards.

    會計原則也可稱作會計標準。

    A portion of the waves is there reflected from the object encountered and forms what is referred to as the echo signal.

    然后,一部分這種波從所遇到的物體反射回來,形成一種信號,稱為回波信號。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • It seems impossible to refer all these well-attested stories to imposition.

    出自: M. R. Mitford

refer的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. refer的基本意思是“提及”,指直接地、有意地、明確地提到某事。含有說話人有資格對某事作出判斷的意味。refer也可作“查閱”解,指順便地查閱或對問題的某一點翻查權威資料,還可作“歸于”解。
  2. refer無論作不及物動詞還是及物動詞一般都須與介詞to搭配。refer to表示“查閱,參考”“提到,提及”“對…而言,適用于”; refer...to則表示“把…提交給…”“把…歸功于…”“把…稱作…”。
  3. refer...to結構中, refer可接名詞或代詞作賓語,可用于被動結構。refer to還可接以as短語充當賓語補足語的復合賓語,意思是“把…稱為”“認為…是…”??捎糜诒粍咏Y構。
  1. refer to 意思為“提及”,“參考”等,不論是及物還是不及物,其后的介詞to都不能省略。

    She referred me to the dictionary.
    She referred to the dictionary.

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
refer, advert, allude
  • 這三個詞的共同意思是“提到”,其區別是:
  • allude指間接提到或略微一提; advert指漫不經心地提及; refer指直接、明確地提到。
  • refer, ascribe, attribute, impute
  • 這四個詞的共同意思是“歸于…”或“歸因于…”。其區別是:
  • 1.attribute和ascribe既可用于積極意義,也可用于消極意義; 而impute則主要用于壞的方面,常表示“歸罪于或嫁禍于…”。
  • 2.refer與attribute相比詞義較弱。
  • 3.attribute強調客觀性; ascribe則表示主觀臆斷。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      既然你說到有些人很愚蠢,那你指的是誰?

      Who were you referring when you said some people were stupid?

      Who were you referring to when you said some people were stupid?

      司令員提到了戰爭時期的經歷。

      The commander referred his experience during the war.

      The commander referred to his experience during the war.

      委員會成員之間的糾紛都提交主席去解決。

      The dispute between the committee members is referred the chairman.

      The dispute between the committee members is referred to the chairman.

      refer表示“談到,提及”“涉及”“查閱”時,是不及物動詞,與介詞to連用。

      當她有困難的時候,從不求助于別人。

      She never refers to others when she has difficulties.

      She never refers herself to others when she has difficulties.

      表示“求助于…”應說refer oneself to, refer用作及物動詞,通常接oneself作賓語。

      他向我們打聽消息。

      He referred us for information.

      He referred to us for information.

      refer to sb for sth 意思是“為某事而向某人提及”,亦即“向某人詢問或打聽某事”,其中to不可缺少。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 14世紀晚期進入英語,直接源自古法語的referer;最初源自拉丁語的referre,意為拿回,帶回。
    今日熱詞
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