refuse

  核心詞匯  
[r?'fju?z]     [r?'fju?z]    
  • v. 拒絕
  • n. 垃圾;廢物
refuser refused refused refusing refuses
new

refuse的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 拒絕,謝絕,推辭, 推卻,回絕,拒受,不受,拒給,拒作
  2. 不準,拒不,不肯,不愿
  3. 固辭,辭退
  4. 不肯躍過,不肯越過障礙物,不肯跳過而突然停住
  5. 拒婚
  6. 打不出同花牌
  7. 發生故障失效
  8. 抵制
n. (名詞)
  1. 垃圾,廢物,廢料,廢品,廢棄物
  2. 殘渣,渣屑,渣滓,糟粕
  3. 工廠廢材
adj. (形容詞)
  1. 無用的,無價值的
  2. 垃圾的,廢料的
  3. 廢棄的,扔掉的

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. & vi. 拒絕 state one's strong unwillingness to accept; say no (to); not give or allow
n. (名詞)
  1. [U]廢料,廢物,垃圾 waste or worthless material; rubbish

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)

Verb:
  1. show unwillingness towards;

    "he declined to join the group on a hike"

  2. refuse to accept;

    "He refused my offer of hospitality"

  3. elude, especially in a baffling way;

    "This behavior defies explanation"

  4. refuse to let have;

    "She denies me every pleasure"
    "he denies her her weekly allowance"

  5. resist immunologically the introduction of some foreign tissue or organ;

    "His body rejected the liver of the donor"

  6. refuse entrance or membership;

    "They turned away hundreds of fans"
    "Black people were often rejected by country clubs"

refuse的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. I refuse to answer that question.
    我不愿回答那個問題。
  2. We were refused permission to enter.
    我們被拒之門外。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. There is a refuse dump out of the town.
    鎮外有個垃圾場。
  2. The council is responsible for refuse collection.
    市政局負責清除垃圾廢物。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作不及物動詞 S+~(+A)
  1. He asked her to marry him but she refused.
    他向她求婚,但她拒絕了。
  2. We asked him to come, but he refused.
    我們叫他來,可是他拒絕了。
  3. He cannot refuse if you ask politely.
    如果你客氣一點的話,他是不會拒絕的。
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I think he won't refuse me.
    我想他不會拒絕我的。
  2. He made her an offer in this room, and she refused him.
    他就在這間屋子里向她求婚,她卻拒絕了。
  3. She refused his gift.
    她不肯收他的禮物。
  4. I cannot very well refuse their offers.
    他們提供幫助,我不好拒絕。
  5. He proudly refused help from anyone.
    他傲慢地拒絕了任何人的幫助。
  6. He seemed disappointed when the man refused his request.
    當那個人拒絕了他的要求時,他看起來很失望。
  7. He resolutely refused their bribe.
    他堅決不接受他們的賄賂。
  8. She refused their invitation.
    她拒絕了他們的邀請。
  9. Because of a prior engagement we had to refuse the invitation.
    我們因為有約在先,所以不得不回絕邀請。
  10. When very ill, she refused medicine.
    病重時,她不肯吃藥。
  11. The patient refused anything, even a little soup.
    病人什么也吃不下,甚至一點湯。
  12. You'll not refuse beer, won't you?
    你不會喝不了啤酒的,對嗎?
  13. 1
  14. The request was curtly refused.
    這個請求被毫不客氣地拒絕了。
  15. Our application for visas was refused.
    我們的簽證申請未獲批準。
S+~+to- v
  1. She refused to tell us the truth.
    她拒不對我們講真情。
  2. He never refuses to help others.
    他從不拒絕幫助別人。
  3. They refused to bow to force.
    他們拒絕向武力低頭。
  4. They refused to consider the proposal.
    他們拒絕考慮這一建議。
  5. He has refused to let me use his toothbrush.
    他拒絕讓我使用他的牙刷。
  6. Thousands of people refuse to pay their taxes.
    成千上萬的人拒不交稅。
  7. My legs refused to carry me further.
    我實在走不動了。
  8. She refused to see him.
    她不愿見他。
  9. Why do you always refuse to tell me where you live?
    你為什么老是不肯告訴我你在什么地方住?
  10. He was wounded but refused to leave the line.
    他受傷了,但不肯離開前線。
  11. He refused to comply with their wishes.
    他不肯按他們的意愿辦。
  12. He's refusing to go after all his promises?
    他答應了卻又拒絕走嗎?
  13. They refused to be enslaved and rose in struggle.
    他們不甘心受奴役而起來斗爭了。
  14. He stubbornly refused to be taught by these mistakes.
    他頑固地不肯從這些錯誤中吸取教訓。
  15. The horse refused to jump over the fence.
    馬不肯跳過柵欄。
  16. The car absolutely refused to start.
    這輛汽車完全發動不起來。
用作雙賓動詞 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He doesn't refuse her anything.
    她要什么他就給什么。
  2. He refused me permission.
    他拒絕答應我的要求。
  3. He refused me shelter.
    他拒絕留我住宿。
  4. The firm refused them a prolongation of the terms of payment.
    該公司拒絕了他們延長付款期限的要求。
  5. She refused him even a kiss.
    她甚至連他的吻都不肯接受。
  6. 1
  7. They were refused admittance.
    他們被拒絕進入。
  8. The cheque has been refused payment.
    這張支票已被拒絕付款。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. Jack refused money to her.
    杰克不答應給她錢。
  2. They refused help to him.
    他們拒絕給他提供幫助。
  3. The cinema owners have the right to refuse admission to anyone under eighteen years of age.
    電影院老板有權不讓未滿18歲的人入場。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. Refuse is collected twice a week.
    垃圾每周收兩次。
  2. The refuse was unloaded at the market dump.
    垃圾被卸在市場垃圾堆里。
  3. The street-cleaning department takes away all refuse from the streets.
    環衛部門把垃圾從街道上運走。
  4. The truck carried off the refuse.
    卡車把垃圾運走了。
  5. Put all the refuse in the dustbin.
    把這些垃圾都放在垃圾箱里。

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞
用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 名詞+~ ~+名詞

經典引文

  • Slipping over the stones and refuse on the shore.

    出自: Dickens
  • No cheque is bad until it's refused by the bank.

    出自: E. Waugh
  • The windows all refused to open.

    出自: R. H. Morrieson
  • He flatly refused to say why he was there.

    出自: Joan Smith
  • I refused all promotions beyond captain.

    出自: K. Vonnegut

refuse的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. refuse的基本意思是“拒絕”,指由于不情愿或不愿意而對某項要求或事物給予否定的回答或不接受某物或不肯做某事。在口語中, refuse還可接表示飲食的名詞作賓語,意為“吃不來…,喝不來…”。
  2. refuse可用作及物動詞,也可用作不及物動詞。用作及物動詞時,后可接名詞、代詞或動詞不定式作賓語,有時也可接雙賓語,其間接賓語可以轉化成介詞to的賓語??捎糜诒粍咏Y構。
  3. refuse的主語一般為人,但間或也可用動物或無生命事物作主語。
  4. refuse可用于進行體,表示“堅持”。
n. (名詞)
  1. refuse用作名詞意思是“廢料,垃圾”,指人們用過以后的廢棄物品或本身沒有任何價值,不能被人所利用的物品,是不可數名詞。
  1. refuse后可接不定式,但不能接動名詞。

    He refused to go with us.
    他拒絕和我們一起走。

  2. 注意refuse后絕不可接賓語和不定式或者是that從句。

    He refused me to use his bicycle.
    He refused to let me use his bicycle.

  3. 表示不接受對方的邀請,請求或是提議時,一般不用refuse或是reject,而常用cannot accept,cannot comply with,decline等。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
refuse, decline, reject
  • 這三個詞的共同意思是“拒絕”。其區別是:
  • 1.從語氣上來說, refuse是最普通的用詞,一般指直接地拒絕,語氣不那么委婉。decline語氣較委婉,相當于漢語的“謝絕”。例如:
  • He declined my invitation because of a previous appointment.因另有約會在先,他謝絕了我的邀請。
  • reject語氣強烈,用于正式場合,如外交和商業條款之類,表示當面明確地拒絕所給、所請、所提議之事,另外還有拋棄或剔除不適當的或不喜歡的東西的意味。例如:
  • He rejected my friendly advice upon further consideration.他經過進一步的考慮,明確地拒絕了我友好的建議。
  • 2.從搭配上來說,這三個詞都可接名詞(如an offer)作賓語,但invitation只能與refer, decline搭配; suggestion只能與reject, decline搭配; permission只能與refuse搭配; plan只能與reject搭配。另外refuse和decline都可接動詞不定式作賓語,而reject則不可以。例如:
  • He refused〔declined〕 to join us in the game.他拒絕與我們一起游戲。
  • n. (名詞)
    refuse, rubbish, waste
  • 這三個詞都有“廢棄物”的意思。其區別是:
  • waste 作“廢物”解時,是最普通用詞,指失去原使用價值的、陳舊、破損了的物品; refuse通常指積聚成一堆的廢舊物品或垃圾; rubbish 通常泛指垃圾,包括一切廢物,這些廢物已毫無用處,毫無價值。例如:
  • There are many heaps of refuse along the street. 沿街有許多垃圾。
  • The rubbish here must be cleared away as soon as possible.這兒的垃圾必須盡快清除。
  • refuse,decline,reject,repel,deny
  • 這些動詞均含“拒絕”之意。
  • refuse語氣較重,指態度堅決,肯定無疑的拒絕。
  • decline指婉言謝絕他人的幫助或邀請等。
  • reject多指由于某物某事某行為不能讓人滿意而被當面直截了當地拒絕,與之相近的是spurn,鄙棄之意。
  • repel作“拒絕”解時,語氣比reject強。
  • deny指否認(觀點)。
  • 常見錯誤

    v. (動詞)
      他拒絕承認受過賄。

      He refused that he had ever taken bribes.

      He refused to admit that he had ever taken bribes.

      refuse是及物動詞,其賓語可是名詞、代詞或動詞不定式,但不能是that引導的從句。

      她拒絕接受批評。

      She refused accepting the criticism.

      She refused to accept the criticism.

      refuse后不可接動名詞作賓語。

      我們謝絕了他的幫助。

      We refused his help.

      We declined his help.

      refuse為一般用語,而decline多指“謝絕”,語氣比較委婉。

      他不讓我用他的計算機。

      He refused me to use his computer.

      He refused to let me use his computer.

      refuse不可接復合賓語。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 1300年左右進入英語,直接源自古法語的refuser;最初源自古典拉丁語的refundere,意為倒回,給回。
    今日熱詞
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