relieve

  核心詞匯  
[r?'li?v]     [r?'li?v]    
  • v. 救濟;減輕;解除;偷
relievable reliever relieved relieved relieving relieves
new

relieve的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. 襯托
  2. 使不單調乏味,使有趣
  3. 救援,救出,救濟,救助,將(城鎮從敵人的圍困中)解圍,援救
  4. 使寬慰,使放心
  5. <口>偷,竊去
  6. 使顯目,使顯著,突出
  7. 使成浮雕
  8. 解除(職務)
  9. 使脫離,解脫
  10. 供應食品給
  11. 接班,接防,接替,給...換班,換...的班
  12. 緩和,緩解,減輕(問題的嚴重性)
  13. 調劑

雙解釋義

v. (動詞)
  1. vt. 緩解,消除,減少 lessen
  2. vt. 換班,換崗 take a duty from sb as a relief

英英釋義

Verb:
  1. provide physical relief, as from pain;

    "This pill will relieve your headaches"

  2. free someone temporarily from his or her obligations

  3. grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to;

    "She exempted me from the exam"

  4. lessen the intensity of or calm;

    "The news eased my conscience"
    "still the fears"

  5. save from ruin, destruction, or harm

  6. relieve oneself of troubling information

  7. provide relief for;

    "remedy his illness"

  8. free from a burden, evil, or distress

  9. take by stealing;

    "The thief relieved me of $100"

  10. grant exemption or release to;

    "Please excuse me from this class"

  11. alleviate or remove (pressure or stress) or make less oppressive;

    "relieve the pressure and the stress"
    "lighten the burden of caring for her elderly parents"

relieve的用法和樣例:

例句

用作動詞 (v.)
  1. The Government acted quickly to relieve the widespread distress caused by the earthquake.
    地震造成大范圍的災難,政府迅速采取行動賑濟災民。
  2. This medicine will relieve your headache.
    這藥將減輕你的頭痛。
  3. The route was designed to relieve traffic congestion.
    這條路是為緩解交通擁擠而開辟的。
  4. The general was relieved of his command.
    將軍被解除了指揮權。
  5. He was relieved of his watch.
    他的表被偷走了。

常見句型

用作動詞 (v.)
用作及物動詞 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The doctor often relieve the poor.
    那位醫生經常救濟貧民。
  2. He devoted himself to relieving the distressed.
    他致力于救濟受苦受難的人。
  3. We did what we could to relieve the people in the flood-stricken areas.
    我們盡了最大努力救濟遭受水災地區的人民。
  4. The doctors did their best to relieve the patient.
    醫生們盡力減輕病人的痛苦。
  5. He thinks it is his duty to relieve the sickness.
    他認為消除疾病是他的職責。
  6. Tears relieves her.
    流淚減輕了她的痛苦。
  7. The soldiers were sent to relieve the besieged city.
    已派了軍隊去援救那個被圍的城市。
  8. They decided not to count on foreign aid to relieve the famine.
    他們決定不依靠外援救災。
  9. They could suggest nothing to relieve the crisis.
    他們提不出辦法來緩和危機。
  10. Rather than relieving the situation, his action aggravated it.
    他的行動不僅沒有緩和局勢反而加劇了局勢。
  11. His humorous remark relieved the tension in the room.
    他講的那些幽默的話緩和了室內的緊張氣氛。
  12. The good news relieved us.
    這個好消息使我們放心了。
  13. It would relieve my mind if some sort of understanding was reached between us.
    如果我們之間能達成某種諒解,我就會寬心了。
  14. No words can relieve her sorrow.
    什么話也不能減輕她的悲痛。
  15. Shout if you want to, it will relieve your feelings.
    要喊你就喊吧,這樣你會好受些。
  16. They can also relieve spasm.
    它們還可以治痙攣。
  17. Can you give me something to relieve my headache?
    你能不能給我點藥把我的頭痛止住?
  18. They are effective in relieving pain.
    它們止疼很有效。
  19. Cool water relieves the pain of minor burns.
    涼水可以減輕輕度燒傷的疼痛。
  20. He will relieve a sickness teacher tomorrow.
    他明天要為一個生病的老師代課。
  21. 1
  22. Anxiety may be relieved by talking to a friend.
    和朋友交談可以減輕憂慮。
  23. They were relieved at the news.
    聽到這一消息,他們放心了。
  24. She felt relieved at the prospect.
    看到這樣的前景,她感到寬慰。
  25. The brown hills are relieved by patches of green.
    褐色的小山上點綴著一塊塊的綠色,顯得不那么單調。
  26. The guard will be relieved at midnight.
    這衛兵要到午夜才換班。
  27. You will be relieved at 12.
    在12點鐘會有人來替換你。
  28. The sentry is relieved at regular intervals.
    哨兵每隔一段時間就換崗。
S+be ~ed+to- v /that-clause
  1. We were relieved to hear that she was out of danger.
    聽說她脫險了,我們的心才放下來。
  2. I was relieved to see them back.
    看到他們回來我才放心。
  3. I was relieved to see that he seemed almost himself again.
    看到他又恢復理智,我總算放心了。
  4. She seemed relieved that things were better.
    情況好轉了,她似乎放心了。
  5. Mother was relieved that you had come back safely.
    你平安歸來了,媽媽感到寬慰了。
  6. Now she looked relieved that she began to talk about her life in the countryside.
    這時候她顯得輕松了些,開始談起她在農村的生活。

常用短語

用作動詞 (v.)
relieve against (v.+prep.)
    在…的映襯下 be in the reflect
    relieve sth against sth

    The mountain is relieved against the blue sky.

    在藍天的映襯下,這座山輪廓分明。

    The picture is relieved against the background.

    這幅畫有背景襯托分外醒目。

relieve from (v.+prep.)
    將(某人)免職 dismiss (sb) from (a position, often responsible)
relieve of (v.+prep.)
    盜取(某人)的(東西) humor to rob (sb) of (sth)
relieve oneself
    上廁所 pass water or empty the bowels

詞匯搭配

用作動詞 (v.)
~+名詞 ~+副詞 ~+介詞

經典引文

  • Behold the hand..Stretch'd to relieve the..Poor.

    出自: Pope
  • Neither trees nor bushes to relieve the eye from the russet..of absolute sterility.

    出自: Sir W. Scott
  • The successes of convergent Allied Armies in North Africa would relieve Malta.

    出自: D. Fraser

relieve的詳細講解:

詞語用法

v. (動詞)
  1. relieve的基本意思是“減輕,除去(痛苦、不安)”,指暫時而不是從根本上解除或減輕不愉快的感情、負擔或痛苦。引申可表示“解除某人的職務等”。relieve還可作“給…換班”“換崗”解。
  2. relieve是及物動詞,接名詞或代詞作賓語。
  3. relieve接agaist表示“在…的襯托下”,接at表示“因…而感到寬慰”,接from或of表示“免除”“解脫”。

詞義辨析

v. (動詞)
relieve from, relieve of
  • 這組短語的意思都是“解除”。其區別是:
  • 前者指解除或減輕痛苦、憂慮、危險,強調狀態; 后者指解脫沉重的負擔、包袱等,強調對象。
  • relieve, comfort, soothe
  • 這三個詞都可表示“安慰”。其區別是:
  • comfort指用鼓舞、安慰、希望減少別人的痛苦、傷悲; relieve指能暫時減少些痛苦,以便能容易忍受; soothe意思是緩和痛苦,使其鎮靜一些。例如:
  • He always does what he can to comfort those who are in trouble.
  • 他總是盡力去安慰處于困境的人。
  • This is a drug that relieves headaches.
  • 這是一種減輕頭痛的藥物。
  • He'd got very annoyed about it, and it took all her tact to soothe him down.
  • 他對此非常生氣,她使出各種乖巧的 方法才使他平靜下來。
  • relieve, free, release
  • 這組詞都有“解除”的意思。其區別是:
  • free指使某人或某物從某種限制的情況下解脫出來或釋放,后面常跟介詞from或of。release指使某人或某物較為具體地擺脫某種限制、束縛或痛苦,例如:
  • He released her arm.他放開了她的手臂。
  • The missile was automatically released by the computer.這枚導彈是通過計算機自動發射的。
  • relieve指解除不愉快的感情或負擔等,例如:
  • It will relieve them of a tremendous burden.這將給他們解除一個巨大的負擔。
  • I wanted to relieve myself of these duties as soon as possible.我想盡快從這些責任中解脫出來。
  • relieve, allay, alleviate, assuage, lighten, mitigate
  • 這組詞都可表示“使某事變得能夠忍受或不太嚴重”。其區別是:
  • relieve指減輕負擔、災難、痛苦或恐懼,強調使能忍受或忘卻; allay一般指減輕到確實消痛或壓驚的地步,但不一定完全消除; alleviate強調暫時或部分地緩解; assuage專指平息或緩和怒氣等強烈的情緒,也可指把痛苦減輕到可以忍受的程度; lighten指減輕負荷或重壓,從而產生輕松的影響; mitigate指緩和痛苦等的強度,但不一定暗示減輕到可以忍受的程度。
  • comfort,console,ease,soothe,relieve
  • 這些動詞均含有“給人以幫助以減輕痛苦或悲傷”之意。
  • comfort普通用詞,指用語言或行動對痛苦者給予鼓勵、勇氣和力量,從而減輕其痛苦或悲傷,得到安慰。
  • console較正式用詞,側重緩和或減輕別人的痛苦或悲傷。
  • ease正式用詞,指減輕身心的痛苦、不安和憂慮。
  • soothe著重以安慰減輕悲痛、憤怒或激動,使人理智地平靜下來。也可指藥物等減輕病痛。
  • relieve指解除或緩解某人的病痛、擔心或憂慮等,常用被動態。
  • 詞源解說

    • ☆ 1300年進入英語,直接源自古法語的relever,意為救濟,減輕;最初源自古典拉丁語的relevare:re- + levare (激勵,減輕),意為救濟,減輕。

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