short

  基本詞匯  
[???t]     [???rt]    
  • adj. 短的;矮的;短期的;短缺的;簡略的;粗暴無禮的;[語]短音的
  • adv. 缺少;未達到;半中間(打斷);過早地(終止)
  • n. <英口>烈酒;電影短片;[電]短路
  • v. (使)短路
shorter shortest shortness shorted shorted shorting shorts
new

short的英文翻譯是什么意思,詞典釋義與在線翻譯:

詳盡釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 短的,矮的,低的
  2. 短暫的,短期的
  3. 縮寫的,簡略的,簡短的
  4. 缺少的,短缺的,緊缺的,緊俏的,不足的
  5. 未達到的
  6. 【語音】短音的
  7. 【冶】(金屬)易裂的,易碎的,脆的,強度不夠的
  8. 【證券】即將到期的
adv. (副詞)
  1. 不足地,缺乏地
  2. 唐突地,突然地,忽然
  3. 簡短地,簡單地
  4. 未達到,不及
  5. 簡慢地
  6. 半中間(打斷),過早地(終止)
  7. (股票投機等)以空頭方式
n. (名詞)
  1. 概略,要點
  2. 不足,缺乏
  3. 蕭特(音譯名)
  4. 【語音】短音節
  5. 【音】短音符
  6. 【商】賣空,空方,空頭
  7. 【棒】游擊手
  8. <英口>烈酒,少量烈酒
  9. 電影短片
  10. 總之,簡言之
  11. 短褲
  12. <口>短片,短文,短片小說
v. (動詞)
  1. 故意少給,給的不足 ,短斤少兩
  2. 欺騙
  3. 【電】使短路
  4. 賣空(股票), 售賣借來的股票(證券用語)

雙解釋義

adj. (形容詞)
  1. 短的; 簡短的,短暫的 measuring little from one end to the other; not last long; brief
  2. [A] 短期的,即將兌現的 maturing at an early date
  3. 矮的,低的 below the average height
  4. [P] 簡稱的,簡略形式的 a shorter form of, way of saying
  5. 短缺的,未達標的 not reaching the usual standard or required weight, length, quality, etc.
  6. [P] 不夠; 缺乏,缺少 not having much or enough of sth; lacking sth or a certain quality
  7. 簡單粗暴的,唐突無禮的 curt; abrupt
  8. 短音的 pronounced for a relatively brief time
  9. 少而濃的,烈性的 small and strong; made with spirits
  10. 油酥的 rich and crumbly as a result of containing much fat
adv. (副詞)
  1. 突然,唐突地 suddenly; abruptly
n. (名詞)
  1. [C] 短路 short circuit
  2. [C] 短片 short film, especially one shown before the main film at a cinema
  3. [P] 烈酒 small strong alcoholic drink, especially of spirits
  4. [P] 短褲 short trousers that do not reach the knee, e.g. as worn by children, or by adults playing sports or in hot weather

英英釋義

Noun:
  1. the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed

  2. accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference

  3. the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base

Adjective:
  1. primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration;

    "a short life"
    "a short flight"
    "a short holiday"
    "a short story"
    "only a few short months"

  2. (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length;

    "short skirts"
    "short hair"
    "the board was a foot short"
    "a short toss"

  3. low in stature; not tall;

    "he was short and stocky"
    "short in stature"
    "a short smokestack"
    "a little man"

  4. not sufficient to meet a need;

    "an inadequate income"
    "a poor salary"
    "money is short"
    "on short rations"
    "food is in short supply"
    "short on experience"

  5. (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range;

    "a short memory"

  6. not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices;

    "a short sale"
    "short in cotton"

  7. of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration;

    "the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short"

  8. less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;

    "a light pound"
    "a scant cup of sugar"
    "regularly gives short weight"

  9. lacking foresight or scope;

    "a short view of the problem"
    "shortsighted policies"
    "shortsighted critics derided the plan"
    "myopic thinking"

  10. tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening;

    "shortbread is a short crumbly cookie"
    "a short flaky pie crust"

  11. marked by rude or peremptory shortness;

    "try to cultivate a less brusque manner"
    "a curt reply"
    "the salesgirl was very short with him"

Adverb:
  1. quickly and without warning;

    "he stopped suddenly"

  2. without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold;

    "he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash"

  3. clean across;

    "the car's axle snapped short"

  4. at some point or distance before a goal is reached;

    "he fell short of our expectations"

  5. so as to interrupt;

    "She took him up short before he could continue"

  6. at a disadvantage;

    "I was caught short"

  7. in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner;

    "he told me curtly to get on with it"
    "he talked short with everyone"
    "he said shortly that he didn't like it"

Verb:
  1. cheat someone by not returning him enough money

  2. create a short circuit in

short的用法和樣例:

例句

用作形容詞 (adj.)
  1. You've cut my hair very short.
    你把我頭發剪得太短了。
  2. In contrast with his brothers, Tom is rather short.
    與幾位兄弟相比,湯姆的個子相當矮。
  3. Let's take a short break for lunch.
    讓我們休息一會兒,去吃午飯。
  4. These goods are in short supply; the price will be high.
    這些商品現正供應不足,價格會上漲。
  5. The usual word "pub" is short for "public house".
    常用的“pub”一詞是“public house”的簡略形式。
  6. He was short with me this morning.
    他今天早上對我無禮。
  7. Compare the short vowel in 'full' and the long vowel in 'fool'.
    比較 full 中的短元音和 fool 中的長元音。
用作副詞 (adv.)
  1. The children mustn't go short of food.
    孩子們不可以缺少食物。
  2. We often run short of staff in the summer.
    夏天我們的人手經常不夠用。
  3. All too often you pitch the ball short.
    你投球老是距離不夠。
  4. His achievements had fallen short of his hopes.
    他的成就沒有達到他期望的那么大。
  5. Excuse me, but I'll have to cut you short.
    對不起,打斷你一下。
  6. Her singing career was cut short by a car accident.
    她的歌唱事業被一場車禍所終結。

常見句型

用作形容詞 (adj.)
用作定語 ~+ n.
  1. It will be a saving to take a short cut.
    走捷徑能節省時間。
  2. His doctor suggested that he take a short leave of absence.
    他的醫生建議他請假短時期休息休息。
  3. I never knew who could do so much in such a short time.
    我從未見過有人能在這樣短的時間內做這么多的工作。
  4. She managed to pack a lot of sightseeing into the short period of time she had in London.
    她在倫敦逗留的短短一段時間中,緊湊地安排了一連串的觀光活動。
  5. She worked the whole day with only a short interval at noon.
    她整天工作,僅僅在中午休息一會兒。
  6. He has a long trunk with short legs.
    他上身長而下身短。
  7. Short hair is cool in summer.
    短發在夏季很酷。
  8. A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.
    直線是兩點之間最短的距離。
  9. She likes to cast her ideas in short sentences.
    她喜歡用短句表達自己的思想。
  10. He drew up a long list of good short stories.
    他列出很多篇好的短篇小說。
  11. He gave her a short answer.
    他給了她一個簡短而生硬的回答。
  12. Tell them they must make the food last.We'll all be on short commons if the supply ship doesn't get through on time.
    告訴他們必須使食物多維持些時間。如果供應船不能按時來到,我們都要挨餓。
  13. The soldiers complained that they got short rations.
    士兵們抱怨他們得到的配給不夠數。
  14. I rarely have short drinks.
    我很少喝烈性酒。
  15. There is a short vowel in “pull”.
    在pull一詞中有一個短元音。
n. +~
  1. Our group is two people short.
    我們組還需要兩個人。
  2. This packet is supposed to contain ten screws, but it's two short.
    這包應裝有十個螺絲釘,可是短了兩個。
  3. The missile landed ten miles short.
    那枚導彈落在離目標10英里的地方。
用作表語 S+be+~
  1. We should go on to the next item for time is short.
    時間不多了,我們應該談下一項內容。
  2. The little boy's attention span was short.
    那個小男孩的注意力持續時間短。
  3. Jack is shorter than Tom by a head.
    杰克比湯姆矮一頭。
  4. His speeches are boring but they have the saving grace of being short.
    他的演講令人厭煩,但具有簡短的特點。
S+be+~+ prep .-phrase
  1. NATO is short for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.NATO
    是“北大西洋公約組織”的縮寫。
  2. This room is too short in relation to its width.
    和它的寬度相比這間屋子顯得太小了。
  3. He is short on knowledge.
    他知識膚淺。
  4. He's a nice lad but he's a bit short on brains.
    他是個很好的小伙子,但是有時沒有頭腦。
  5. The book is rather short on illustrations, but has some useful information.
    這本書插圖較差,但也有一些有用的資料。
  6. The tired salesman was short with the customers.
    這疲倦的售貨員對顧客態度粗暴。
用作賓語補足語 S+V+O+~
  1. You've cut my hair very short.
    你已把我的頭發剪得很短。
用作副詞 (adv.)
用作狀語
  1. The shells fell short.
    炮彈沒打中目標。
  2. The arrow landed short.
    箭未射到目標便落地了。
用作名詞 (n.)
  1. This accident is due to an electrical short.
    這次事故是由電路短路引起的。
  2. There are a couple of shorts on before the main film.
    主片開映之前有幾部短片。
  3. These shorts are too tight for me.
    這條短褲給我穿太緊了。
  4. The only time Dad shows his knees is on holiday, when he wears shorts instead of his long trousers.
    父親只有在度假時才會露出膝蓋,因為那時他不穿長褲而穿短褲。

常用短語

用作形容詞 (adj.)
at short notice
    立即,倉促 with little warning
be little short of
    幾乎和…相同; 簡直是 nearly the same as
come short of
    失望 miss; be less than what is expectedHe came short of our expectation.他令我們失望。
fall short (of)
    沒有達到標準,不夠,不足 fail to reach a required, or a specified standard
give short shrift
    對…不太理睬,漠不關心 devote little time to sb
    give sb/sth short shrift

    He came to me with some crazy plan, but I gave it very short shrift.

    他找我談某個莫名其妙的計劃,可是,我對此采取十分冷淡的態度。

    Gerald tried to borrow another ten pounds from me, but I give him very short shrift.

    杰拉爾德想再向我借10英鎊,但我卻對他漠不關心。

go short (of)
    缺乏,不夠 have less of sth than one should
in a short time
    〈非正〉過了一陣子 after a short time
in short supply
    供不應求 scare
make short work of
    快速完成; 迅速處理 complete〔conclude〕 quickly
nothing short of
    完全相同 the same as
run short (of)
    短缺,數量不足 not have enough of
short and sweet
    〈口〉簡單明了 brief and to the point
short change
    故意少給其找零頭 give sb insufficient change
short head
    少量; 短距離 small amount; small distance
short of
    除了…之外 exceptHe will do anything short of murder to achieve his ends.為了達到目的,他除了兇殺什么都會干。
short of breath
    喘不過氣來 breathless
short weight
    比…重量要輕 less than the proper weight
stop short of
    不再,停止 not go as far as
to cut a long story short
    簡言之 recount sth briefly
用作副詞 (adv.)
bring〔pull〕 up short
    使…忽然停止干某事 make sb/sth suddenly what one is doing
    bring〔pull〕 sb/sth up short (by v-ing)

    Ann was strolling along aimlessly when I brought her up short by calling her name from the other side of the street.

    安正在街上漫無目標地閑逛,我從街對面叫她,她便停了下來。

    He brought the bus up short when the light changed to red.

    紅色交通燈一亮,他突然把公交車停住。

    The driver pulled the car up short just in time to prevent an accident.

    司機及時地突然剎車,避免了一場事故。

cut short
    突然停止 stop suddenly
    cut sb/sth short

    I cut him short in the middle of his explanation.

    他解釋了一半我就把他的話打斷了。

    The meeting was cut short when the chairman fell ill.

    主席一生病,會議就中斷了。

stop short
    突然停止 stop suddenly
    stop short

    Uncle Tom stopped short and looked at me.

    湯姆叔叔突然停了下來,看了看我。

    The professor opened his mouth to say something; but he stopped short.

    教授開口說話,但又突然停止了。

    He stopped short when he heard his name called.

    他聽到有人叫他,就突然停了下來。

    The horse stopped short when he heard my voice.

    那匹馬一聽見我的聲音就突然停了下來。

    stop sb/sth short

    Stopping the car short caused a pileup on the highway.

    這輛汽車突然剎車使公路上的汽車排成長龍。

用作名詞 (n.)
for short
    簡稱,縮寫 in abbreviated form
in short
    簡而言之 stated briefly
the long and the short of
    概要 speaking briefly

詞匯搭配

用作形容詞 (adj.)
~+名詞 動詞+~ ~+介詞
用作副詞 (adv.)
動詞+~
用作名詞 (n.)
動詞+~ 形容詞+~ 介詞+~ ~+介詞

經典引文

  • The cathedral..is the shortest in England (155 feet long).

    出自: Jan Morris
  • I don't like your hair as short as that.

    出自: C. Priest
  • When the little one sat down..her legs were..too short to reach the ground.

    出自: P. Fitzgerald

short的詳細講解:

詞語用法

adj. (形容詞)
  1. short的基本意思是“短的”,既可指持續的時間“短”,也可指長度“短”、高度“矮”或在重量、數量等方面“短缺的,不足的,未達標的”。short指持續時間短時,有不完全、縮短或突然停止的意味。
  2. short和表示時間的time, hour(s), year(s)等連用,可表示“不足”“不到”“短暫的”; 修飾動作或聲音,可表示“短促的”。
  3. short也可作“簡稱的,簡略形式的”“簡單粗暴的,唐突無禮的”“少而濃的,烈性的”“短音的”“短期的,即將兌現的”“油酥的”等解。
  4. short在句中可用作定語、表語或賓語補足語。
adv. (副詞)
  1. short用作副詞的意思是“突然地,唐突地”,有時也可作“達不到目的地”解。
  2. short在句中多用作狀語。
n. (名詞)
  1. short用作名詞的基本意思是“短路”“短片”“短褲”,還可作“烈酒”解。
  2. short作“烈酒”“短褲”解時通常用復數形式。用作主語時謂語動詞須用復數形式,“一條短褲”是a pair of shorts。
  1. short用在head上的時候,表示的是前后的短,而不是上下的短;
  2. a short mile表示“不到一英里”,與詞組a short hour,short years等與long的用法相似;
  3. short of后接動名詞,

    Your attitude is little short of being ridiculous.
    句中的being做的是of的賓語,有時可省略。

詞義辨析

adj. (形容詞)
run short, run short of
  • 這兩個短語都是“快用完”的意思。前者相當于不及物動詞,主語一般為物,以主動形式表示被動意義; 后者相當于及物動詞,其主語為人或部門, of后接表示時間或錢、物的名詞。例如:
  • The flour is running short.
  • 面粉快用完了。
  • We have run short of flour.
  • 我們的面粉快用完了。
  • short, brief
  • 這兩個詞的共同意思是“短的”。其區別在于:brief著重指時間、言談、篇幅等“短暫”“簡短”; short是普通用詞,泛指各種“短”。例如:
  • My acquaintance with him was brief.我與他相識的時間不長。
  • I went on a short trip.我作短暫的旅行。
  • short, concise
  • 這兩個詞都有“簡明的”“簡短的”意思。其區別在于:concise表示用較少的話準確地表述某事,無贅言; short指簡短,但不一定準確,還可用于表示時間短暫、不足等。例如:
  • The article is concise and to the point.這篇文章簡明扼要。
  • The mayor gave a short speech.市長發表了簡短的講話。
  • adv. (副詞)
    short, shortly
  • 兩者都是副詞,但不同義:short的意思是“突然”“驀然”; 而shortly則作“不久”“在短時期內”解,且多用于將來時態。例如:
  • The boss was driven to his wit's end short.
  • 這個老板一下子被弄得一籌莫展。
  • I shall go on errands to Beijing shortly.
  • 我不久就要出差去北京。
  • n. (名詞)
    for short, in short
  • 這兩個短語含義不同:in short表示“總之”“簡言之”,用于文章、段落、言語等; for short表示“簡稱”“縮寫”,多用于姓名等。
  • 常見錯誤

    adj. (形容詞)
      這小伙子身材矮小。

      The fellow is rather short in height.

      The fellow is rather short.

      short本身可表示“身材矮小”,無需加in height。

      他患了一種因自己身材矮小而產生的自卑情結癥。

      He suffers from an inferiority complex because he's low.

      He suffers from an inferiority complex because he's short.

      表示“身體矮小”用short,不用low。

      Lab是laboratory的縮略形式。

      “Lab” is short of “laboratory”.

      “Lab” is short for “laboratory”.

      be short of意為“缺乏…”; 要表達“是…的簡寫”,應說be short for。

      他們的汽油快用完了。

      They are running shortly of gasoline.

      They are running short of gasoline.

      表示“缺少…”“快用完…”可說run short of, run在此為系動詞,故不說run shortly of。

      油的供應短缺了。

      The supply of oil is running short of.

      The supply of oil is running short.

      我們的錢快用完了。

      Our money is running short of.

      Our money is running short.

      “(某物)快用完”或“變得不夠用”可以用sth run short的結構,這里作主語的是物,不是人。如果用人作主語,則用 sb run short of sth 的結構,作“(某人)缺…”解。

      這首詩很短,可以背誦下來。

      The poem is short to learn by heart.

      The poem is short enough to learn by heart.

      我們的假期太短了,不能用作旅行。

      Our vacation is short to take for a journey.

      Our vacation is too short to take for a journey.

      在short后接主動形式的不定式表示被動意義時,它的后面必須加enough,或者在它前面加too。

      商品供應不足。

      The goods are in a short supply.

      The goods are in short supply.

      很難買到瓷茶杯,供應非常不足。

      Difficult to buy china cups, they are in a very short supply.

      Difficult to buy china cups, they are in very short supply.

      “(某種商品)供應不足”“不夠用”習慣用be in short supply,中間不加任何冠詞; 但可以在short前加程度副詞very,表示“供應非常不足”。

      昨天他對我非常無禮。

      He was very short to me yesterday.

      He was very short with me yesterday.

      他對我如此粗魯,以至于我的自尊心受到了傷害。

      He was so short to me that I felt hurt.

      He was so short with me that I felt hurt.

      “對…無禮或怠慢”,應該說be short with...,其中介詞 with不能改用 to。

    n. (名詞)
      總之,社會必須重新組織。

      In a short, society must be reorganized.

      In short, society must be reorganized.

      in short是習慣用法, short前不加任何冠詞。

      總而言之,我們要作好充分準備。

      In short word, we must get well prepared.

      In short, we must get well prepared.

      “總之”“簡言之”用in short表示,這里short是名詞,不能再加word。

    詞源解說

    • ☆ 直接源自古英語的sceort;最初源自古典拉丁語的curtus,意為短的。
    今日熱詞
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